Birdwatching in Andalucía (Southern Spain)

April 02 – 14, 2003

 
 


Excursions

Hans Schick
Contact or comments: schick@asca-berlin.de

No part of this work may be used for commercial purposes without the written permission of the author. © H. Schick.

Trip Reports

 

  Printable Version
(with pictures, about 25 pages)

Species List
Ringed Birds

 
     
 


Introduction

From April 2–14, 2003 I spent birdwatcing holidays in Andalucía at the southern Atlantic coast of Spain. I booked a stay with half board in the hotel Barrosa Garden in Novo Sancti Petri about 8 km south of Chiclana de la Frontera. At the airport of Jerez de la Frontera I took over a rented car, which I used for my daily excursions along the Atlantic coast between the east bank of the Guadalquivir and the Rock of Gibraltar.

Itinerary
April 2, 2003: Arrival at the airport of Jerez de la Frontera. Drive to Novo Sancti Petri via Puerto Real and Chiclana de la Frontera. Birdwatching at the beach (Playa de la Barrosa) in the evening.
April 3, 2003: Drive from Novo Sancti Petri to the abandoned fishing village Sancti Petri. Bird watching in the salt marshes (Marismas de Sancti Petri) and in the abandoned village. Drive to Chiclana de la Frontera. Bird watching in the Parque Natural de la Bahia de Cádiz between Chiclana and San Fernando.
April 4, 2003: Drive to Cortijo del Torero about 8 km south of Novo Sancti Petri. Birdwatching in the rural area. Drive to Cabo de Trafalgar via Vejer de la Frontera at the N-340, to the Barbate Cliffs and Pinewood (Parque Natural Acantilado y Pinar de Barbate) and to the estuary of the Barbate river. Birdwatching at the cape, the cliff, the pinewood and the estuary.
April 5, 2003: Drive via Puerto Real to the Laguna de Taraje (about 12 km east of Puerto Real) and to the Laguna de Medina (about 10 km south of Jerez de la Frontera). Birdwatching in the Salina Santa Barbara halfway between Chiclana de la Frontera and Puerto Real and in the surroundings of the two lakes.
April 6, 2003: Drive from Novo Sancti Petri to Sanlúcar de Barrameda via Jerez de la Frontera (N-340, N-IV, and C-440). Birdwatching in the Salinas de Bonanza at the east bank of the Guadalquivir.
April 7, 2003: Drive from Novo Sancti Petri to the Mirador de Estrecho de Gibraltar near Tarifa and into the Valle de Santuario in the Parque Natural de los Alcornocales. Bird watching at the Mirador and in the mountains of the natural park. On the way back birdwatching in La Janda, the pastures north of the N-340 between Tarifa and Vejer de la Frontera.
April 8, 2003: Drive from Novo Sancti Petri to Sanlúcar de Barrameda and Trebujena via Jerez de la Frontera. Birdwatching at the Laguna del Tarelo at the edge of the pinewood of Algaida (Pinar de Algaida), at the bank of the Guadalquivir, and in the Marismas de Trebujena.
April 9, 2003: Drive to Cabo de Trafalgar, to the Marismas of Barbate, and La Janda. Birdwatching at these places.
April 10, 2003: Drive from Novo Sancti Petri to El Rocio via Sevilla, Bollulos Par del Condado, and Almonte. Birdwatching in the Parque Nacional de Doñana, especially in the Centro de la Rocina, in the park of the Palacio del Acebrón and from the bridge over the Arroyo de la Rocina near El Rocio.
April 11, 2003: Drive from Novo Sancti Petri to the lakes north of El Puerto de Santa Maria. Birdwatching at the lakes Laguna Juncosa and Laguna Salada.
April 12, 2003: Drive from Novo Sancti Petri to the Mirador de Estrecho de Gibraltar near Tarifa and to Punto Carnero near Algeciras opposite to the Rock of Gibraltar. Back via Los Barrios and Benalup through the Parque Natural los Alcornocales. Birdwatching at the Strait of Gibraltar and in the mountains of the park.
April 13, 2003: Drive from Novo Sancti Petri to the bank of the Guadalquivir via Trebujena. Birdwatching in the Marismas de Trebujena and at the bank of the Guadalquivir.
April 14, 2003: Drive from Novo Sancti Petri to the airport of Jerez de la Frontera and flight back to Berlin.

Registration of the observations
All ornithological observations were registered in the databank OrniDB97–2.20, developed by Ralf Schirmeister (www.ralf-schirmeister.de for download) and were edited in two different ways. Under the heading "Excursions" one finds the complete records to the different observation places in chronological order. Under the heading "Species List" one finds the date, the place, and the number of observed individuals in systematic order. In the Systematic List one finds some photos of birds taken by a Nikon Coolpix 4500 in combination with a spective Swarovsky AT 80 HD.

Ornithological literature used
Lars Svensson, Peter J. Grant, Killian Mullarney, Dan Zetterström, Der neue Kosmos-Vogelführer, alle Arten Europas, Nordafrikas und Vorderasiens, Frankh-Kosmos-Verlags-GmbH & Co., Stuttgart, 1999.
This book corresponds to:
Killian Mullarney, Lars Svensson, Dan Zetterström, Peter J. Grant, Collins Bird Guide, The Most CompleteField Guide to The Birds of Britain and Europe, HarperCollins, London 1999.
David Barros Cardona, David Ríos Esteban, Field Guide to the Birds of the Strait of Gibraltar, OrniTour s.l., Cadiz 2002.

Books and maps for the orientation in the area
Ernest Garcia, Andrew Paterson, Where to watch birds in Southern Spain, Christopher Helm, A & C Black, London 1994.
John R. Butler, Birdwatching on Spain’s Southern Coast, Ediciones Santana S. L., Fuengirola (Málaga) 2001.
ADAC Urlaubskarte Costa de la Luz, Westliches Andalusien, 1 : 250 000.
Parque Natural Bahia de Cádiz, 1 : 50 000, Instituto Geografrico Nacional, 1992.
Parque Natural los Alcornocales, 1 : 75 000, Instituto Geografico de Andalucía, 1998.

Links to Birding in Andalucía
http://www.fatbirder.com/links_geo/europe/spain_andalucia.html

Excursions

02.04.2003
, 20:40-21:10

Novo Sancti Petri, Hotel Barrosa Garden, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, fair. Sunset was at 21.00.
During a walk from the hotel to the beach the following bird species were observed.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
100 (at least), flying northwards along the shoreline.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
2, on wasteland.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
2, flying.
Blackbird (Turdus mérula, Amsel):
2, on a lawn.
Spotless Starling (Sturnus unícolor, Einfarbstar):
19, 16 (10 + 5 + 1) of them flying, 3 on a roof.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
2, flying.
Goldfinch (Carduélis carduélis, Stieglitz):
5, flying.

03.04.2003, 10:45-11:05
Novo Sancti PetriVillage Sancti Petri, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, sunny.
The following bird species were observed during the tour with the car from Novo Sancti Petri to the old fisherman village Sancti Petri.
Collared Turtle Dove (Streptopélia decaócto, Türkentaube):
2, in the urbanization of Novo Sancti Petri.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
10 (at least).

03.04.2003, 11:05-13:00
Sancti Petri, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny.
The Caño de Sancti Petri (Channel of Sancti Petri) crosses the saltmarshes between San Fernando and Chiclana de la Frontera. The abandoned fishing village Sancti Petri is situated at the southern bank of the mouth into the Atlantic Ocean. I inspected the beach, the mudflats of the channel and the ditches in the marshland. Furthermore I walked through the small streets of the abandoned fishing village. – The following bird species were observed.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
2, on the mudflats. The feet were yellow.
Ringed Plover (Charádrius hiatícula, Sandregenpfeifer):
2, on the mudflats.
Grey Plover (Pluviális squataróla, Kiebitzregenpfeifer):
6, on the mudflats of the channel or greater ditches. These birds were still in the nonbreeding plumage. Two of them showed interesting courtship behaviour. Digital photos of these birds were taken.
Dunlin (Calídris alpína, Alpenstrandläufer):
13, only two of them with a black belly.
Black-tailed Godwit (Limósa limósa, Uferschnepfe):
1 female. The base of the long bill was orange. The end of the tail was black. There was no redbrown in the plumage.
Curlew (Numénius arquáta, Großer Brachvogel):
10 (at least), on the mudflats.
Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinéreus, Terekwasserläufer):
1, a wader with yellow legs and a long, upcurved bill. The bill was significantly longer than the head. The underparts were white, the upperparts grey. Very fast running and picking. According to D. W. Snow and C. M. Perrins, The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Concise Edition, Volume 1, page 679, Oxford 1998 the Terek Sandpiper has been observed in Spain only accidentally. – First personal observation.
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenária ínterpres, Steinwälzer):
6 (4 + 2), on the mudflats.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
300 (at least), 200 of them on the Islet of Farallon Grande (Islote de Farallon Grande), at least 100 in the marshland around the channel.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
10 (at least), most of them in the abandoned village.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
2, flying along the beach.
Linnet (Carduélis cannábina, Bluthänfling):
6 (4 + 2), flying near the beach.

DSCN2032
The Caño de Sancti Petri (Channel of Sancti Petri) with San Fernando in the background (03.04.2003)

03.04.2003, 15:30-17:40
Chiclana, Parque Natural and saltworks, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny.
From Chiclana de la Frontera I reached the Parque Natural de la Bahía de Cádiz on a road signposted to Parque Natural. This Nature Park comprises the marshland and the Salina de Santa Maria de Jesus between Chiclana de la Frontera and San Fernando. – The following bird species were observed.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
1, flying over the marshland. The bird was entirely black. – Shags are very rare in Southern Spain.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
3, at the edge of channels or in the marshland.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
3, on marshland.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
5, 4 of them on the marshland, one on a basin of the saltworks.
Hen Harrier (Circus cyáneus, Kornweihe):
1 female, with white uppertail-coverts. The broad wings excluded Montagu's Harrier. Gliding over the marshland the bird startled flocks of Avocets and Black-winged Stilts. – The Hen Harrier crosses the Strait in small numbers from February to April (E. Garcia, A. Paterson: Where to Watch Birds in Southern Spain, p. 283).
Red-legged Partridge (Alectoris rufa, Rothuhn):
2, on a dam between saltpans. – First personal observation.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
7, on the marshland and in the saltpans.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
50, startled by a Hen Harrier.
Kentish Plover (Charádrius alexandrínus, Seeregenpfeifer):
3, in shallow water of a saltpan.
Grey Plover (Pluviális squataróla, Kiebitzregenpfeifer):
1, in shallow water of a saltpan.
Common Greenshank (Tringa nebulária, Grünschenkel):
1, in shallow water of a saltpan. End of the tail nearly white, wedge-shaped rump white.
Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibúndus, Lachmöwe):
3, swimming on one of the basins of the saltwork.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
50, on the channels and on marshland.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
4, on wasteland or tracks.
Yellow Wagtail (Motacílla flava, Schafstelze):
2, at least one of these birds was a male of the subspecies Motacílla flava ibériae, characterized by the white bib contrasting with the yellow underparts.
Spotless Starling (Sturnus unícolor, Einfarbstar):
50 (at least), on the marshland.

DSCN2088
Chiclana de la Frontera, Parque Natural and saltworks (03.04.2003)

04.04.2003, 10:30-12:00
Cortijo del Torero, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, sunny.
The following bird species were observed in a rural area about 8 km south of Novo Sancti Petri.
Cattle Egret (Bubúlcus ibis, Kuhreiher):
3, on grassland.
Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus, Wiesenweihe):
2 (1,1), flying over grassland.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1, hovering over grassland.
Common Cuckoo (Cúculus canórus, Kuckuck):
1, calling.
Bee-eater (Merops apiaster, Bienenfresser):
26, flying, with characteristic flight-calls.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
1, on the track.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
1, flying.
Sardinian Warbler (Sýlvia melanocéphala, Samtkopfgrasmücke):
1, in shrubs at the edge of grassland. The red eye-ring was diagnostic.
Woodchat Shrike (Lánius senátor, Rotkopfwürger):
2 male, 1 in shrubs at the edge of grassland, 1 on a fence.
Jackdaw (Corvus monédula, Dohle):
2, on the track.
Spotless Starling (Sturnus unícolor, Einfarbstar):
35 (10 + 25), flying, over grassland.
Greenfinch (Chloris chloris, Grünfink):
1, on a power line or on a fence.
Linnet (Carduélis cannábina, Bluthänfling):
2, in a shrub or on a fence.
Cirl Bunting (Emberíza cirlus, Zaunammer):
1, in shrubs at the edge of grassland.
Corn Bunting (Miliaria calándra, Grauammer):
1, singing, in a shrub, but also with hanging feet in song flight.

DSCN2091 and DSCN2106
Rural area near Novo Sancti Petri (04.04.2003)

04.04.2003, 13:30-16:50
Cabo de Trafalgar, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair, strong wind.
The following bird species were observed near the lighthouse of Cabo de Trafalgar, especially at the shallow waters behind the dunes.
Sanderling (Calídris alba, Sanderling):
40, in shallow water behind the dunes.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
200, roosting in shallow water behind the dunes.
Audouin’s Gull (Larus audouinii, Korallenmöwe):
6, roosting between Yellow-legged Gulls in shallow water behind the dunes (Photos). – First personal observation.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
2, flying.

DSCN2122 and DSCN2152
T
he lighthouse of Trafalgar and its surroundings (04.04.2003)

04.04.2003, 17:20-19:20
Pinar de Barbate (Barbate Pinewood), Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny.
From Cape Trafalgar (Cabo de Trafalgar) I followed the road to Barbate via Los Caños de Meca. In the Parque Natural Acantilado y Pinar de Barbate (Barbate Cliffs and Pinewoods) I parked the car at the edge of the road) and walked on a sandy track through the pinewood to the cliffs (about 1500 m). I was disappointed by the low numbers of birds seen in this forest.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
1, roosting on the cliffs. Photos were taken from this bird.
Short-toed Eagle (Circáëtus gállicus, Schlangenadler):
1, mobbed by a Yellow-legged Gull. It was noted down: Head and breath darker than light underparts, barred tail (This bird was identified only after the observation of Short-toed Eagles in the Parque Natural de los Alcornocales under much better conditions).
Black Kite (Milvus migrans, Schwarzmilan):
2, flying.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1 female, roosting on the cliffs.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
50 (at least), on the cliffs.
Jackdaw (Corvus monédula, Dohle):
7, in the cliffs.
Common Raven (Corvus corax, Kolkrabe):
2, flying.
Chaffinch (Fringílla coelebs, Buchfink):
8 (2 + 6), calling in the pinewood.
Serin (Serínus serínus, Girlitz):
1, in the pinewood.
Greenfinch (Chloris chloris, Grünfink):
2, singing, in the pinewood.

DSCN2124, DSCN2238, and 2225
The pinewood and the cliffs of Barbate (04.04.2003)

04.04.2003, 19:50-20:10
Barbate, Marismas de Barbate, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, sunny.
Coming from the Pinewood and Cliffs of Barbate I crossed the town centre and stopped behind the bridge where the Barbate/Zahara road crosses the Barbate river. I left the car and walked back to the bridge from where I had a good view over the estuary.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, flying.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
1, flying.
Redshank (Tringa tótanus, Rotschenkel):
1, in shallow water.
Common Sandpiper (Actítis hypoléucos, Flußuferläufer):
2, at the water's edge.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
14, 10 of them flying in the centre of Barbate.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
4, 1 of them singing in a shrub.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
5, flying.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
2, flying (in the centre of Barbate).
Goldfinch (Carduélis carduélis, Stieglitz):
2, flying.
Corn Bunting (Miliaria calándra, Grauammer):
1, singing.

05.04.2003, 12:20-14:00
Puerto Real, Salina Santa Barbara, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, sunny, strong wind.
The Salina Santa Barbara is part of the Parque Natural de Bahía de Cádiz. It is situated east from the N-IV halfway between Chiclana de la Frontera and Puerto Real. – The following bird species were observed from the N-IV in the wetland and the shallow waters.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
1, flying.
Cattle Egret (Bubúlcus ibis, Kuhreiher):
2, on the marshland.
Common Spoonbill (Platálea leucoródia, Löffler):
18, roosting on marshland.
Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber, Rosaflamingo):
100, feeding in shallow water.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
6, flying or at the water's edge.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
2, flying.
Sanderling (Calídris alba, Sanderling):
3, in shallow water.
Common Sandpiper (Actítis hypoléucos, Flußuferläufer):
1, at the water's edge.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
20, roosting in shallow water.
Stonechat (Saxícola torquáta, Schwarzkehlchen):
1 male, in a shrub.

DSCN2265
Greater Flamingos in the Salina Santa Barbara near Puerto Real (05.04.2003)

05.04.2003, 15:00-16:50
Laguna de Taraje, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, sunny, wind.
I reached the Laguna de Taraje from Puerto Real following the road to Paterna de Rivera up to kilometre 9. From there I followed the instructions of E. Garcia and A. Paterson in the book Where to Watch Birds in Southern Spain, London 1994, page 85.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, flying off.
Cattle Egret (Bubúlcus ibis, Kuhreiher):
30, between cattle on grassland.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
2, flying.
Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginósus, Rohrweihe):
2 (1,1), gliding over grassland or the lake.
Red-legged Partridge (Alectoris rufa, Rothuhn):
3, on grassland.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
3, in shallow water.
Common Snipe (Galinágo gallinágo, Bekassine):
1, flying off, from grassland.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
5 (2 + 3), on the track.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
2, flying.
Yellow Wagtail (Motacílla flava, Schafstelze):
3, on grassland or on the track.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
1, singing, in a restrained manner.
Stonechat (Saxícola torquáta, Schwarzkehlchen):
5 (4,1), 2 of them with food on a fence.
Sardinian Warbler (Sýlvia melanocéphala, Samtkopfgrasmücke):
1, in shrubs.
Willow Warbler (Phyllóscopus tróchilus, Fitis):
2, in a shrub, with brownish legs.
Spotless Starling (Sturnus unícolor, Einfarbstar):
50, flying.
Goldfinch (Carduélis carduélis, Stieglitz):
2, flying.
Linnet (Carduélis cannábina, Bluthänfling):
3 (1 + 2), flying.

DSCN2287
Laguna de Taraje (05.04.2003)

05.04.2003, 17:10-17:25
Puerto RealPaterna de Rivera, Kilometre 7, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, sunny, wind.
On the route from Laguna de Taraje to Laguna de Medina I stopped at kilometre 7 of the road Puerto Real/Paterna de Rivera. The following bird species were observed in the rural area.
Black Kite (Milvus migrans, Schwarzmilan):
1, flying.
Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus, Schmutzgeier):
6, gliding southwards.
Red-legged Partridge (Alectoris rufa, Rothuhn):
2, one on the road, a second on a huge ploughed field.
Yellow Wagtail (Motacílla flava, Schafstelze):
1, with white chin and throat, typical for Motacílla flava ibériae.
Corn Bunting (Miliaria calándra, Grauammer):
1, singing.

05.04.2003, 17:50-19:30
Jerez de la Frontera, Laguna de Medina, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, sunny, wind.
I reached the Laguna de Medina coming from south on the road 381. The lake is situated near this road 10 km south of Jerez de la Frontera. – The following bird species were observed.
Little Grebe (Pódiceps ruficóllis, Zwergtaucher):
2, swimming and calling.
Great Crested Grebe (Pódiceps cristátus, Haubentaucher):
2, swimming.
Black-necked Grebe (Pódiceps nigricóllis, Schwarzhalstaucher):
30, swimming.
Gadwall (Anas strepéra, Schnatterente):
20, swimming.
Red-crested Pochard (Netta rúfina, Kolbenente):
50 (at least), swimming.
White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephalus, Weißkopf-Ruderente):
3 (2,1), swimming near the water's edge.
Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginósus, Rohrweihe):
1 female, gliding over the lake.
Black Coot (Fúlica atra, Bleßralle):
2, swimming.
Alpine Swift (Apus melba, Alpensegler):
2, flying over the laguna. The Alpine Swift is the only swift with a white belly.
Bee-eater (Merops apiaster, Bienenfresser):
8, flying, with characteristic flight calls.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
2, singing, in a restrained manner.
Stonechat (Saxícola torquáta, Schwarzkehlchen):
1 male, on a fence.
Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis, Cistensänger):
2, in song flight.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
1, singing in the reedbeds.
Cetti´s Warbler (Céttia cetti, Seidensänger):
3, occasionally singing.
Woodchat Shrike (Lánius senátor, Rotkopfwürger):
1 male, on a fence.
Goldfinch (Carduélis carduélis, Stieglitz):
7, in a shrub.

DSCN2294-2-50.jpg
Laguna de Medina south of Jerez de la Frontera (05.04.2003)

06.04.2003, 11:30
Puerto Real, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny.
Bee-eater (Merops apiaster, Bienenfresser):
15, flying over the N-IV near Puerto Real.
Goldfinch (Carduélis carduélis, Stieglitz):
2, flying.

06.04.2003, 12:30-19:20
Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Salina de Bonanza, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny.
The Salina de Bonanza is situated north of Sanlúcar de Barrameda in the Parque Natural de Doñana (Entorno de Doñana) at the eastern bank of the Guadalquivir.
Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber, Rosaflamingo):
116 (66 + 50), in shallow water of the saltwork. One of these birds had the ring D/NAA.
Shelduck (Tadórna tadórna, Brandgans):
2, swimming, in the saltwork.
Black Kite (Milvus migrans, Schwarzmilan):
3, gliding over the saltwork.
Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus, Schmutzgeier):
1, gliding over the saltwork.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
45, in the shallow water of the saltwork.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
265, in shallow water of the saltwork.
Sanderling (Calídris alba, Sanderling):
2, on the dams of the saltwork.
Little Stint (Calídris minúta, Zwergstrandläufer):
1, on the dams of the saltwork.
Temminck’s Stint (Calídris temmínckii, Temminckstrandläufer):
1, a small wader with yellow legs.
Curlew Sandpiper (Calídris ferrugínea, Sichelstrandläufer):
200 (at least), on the dams of the saltwork. Some of the birds already with red underparts. Rump white without black central part.
Dunlin (Calídris alpína, Alpenstrandläufer):
50 (at least), on the dams of the saltwork. Some of the birds already with black belly.
Redshank (Tringa tótanus, Rotschenkel):
10 (at least), on the dams of the saltwork.
Common Greenshank (Tringa nebulária, Grünschenkel):
3, on the dams of the saltwork.
Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibúndus, Lachmöwe):
20 (at least), swimming in the shallow water of the saltwork.
Slender-billed Gull (Larus genei, Dünnschnabelmöwe):
1, swimming near feeding Great Flamingos in one of the saltpans. Photos of this bird were taken.
Bee-eater (Merops apiaster, Bienenfresser):
1, flying with characteristic calls.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
2, on the track.
White Wagtail (Motacílla alba, Bachstelze):
1, flying.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
2, near the entrance of the saltwork.

DSCN2591, DSCN2297, and DSCN2429
Salina de Bonanza (06.04.2003)

06.04.2003, 14:30-15:30
Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Guadalquivir, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny.
From the saltworks of the Salina de Bonanza I walked to the muddy bank of the Guadalquivir. There the following bird species were observed.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, landing in shallow water.
Black Kite (Milvus migrans, Schwarzmilan):
3, gliding over the river.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1, flying.
Grey Plover (Pluviális squataróla, Kiebitzregenpfeifer):
2, still in non-breeding plumage, on the muddy river bank.
Redshank (Tringa tótanus, Rotschenkel):
1, on the muddy river bank.
Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibúndus, Lachmöwe):
3, flying.

07.04.2003, 13:30-15:00
Tarifa, Mirador de Estrecho de Gibraltar, Andalucía (Spain)
22 °C, sunny.
I reached the public watchpoint over the Strait of Gibraltar (Mirador de Estrecho de Gibraltar) on the N-340 from Tarifa. The mirador is situated at kilometre 91. I parked the car and looked down to the Street of Gibraltar and the nearby Mountains of Marocco. The most impressive birds arriving from south were Griffon Vultures (Gyps fulvus). Sometimes more than 10 of these huge birds arrived simultaneously at the European coast. – Nevertheless, the bird migration was much less impressive as expected.
Honey-Buzzard (Pernis apívorus, Wespenbussard):
1, arriving from North Africa.
Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus, Gänsegeier):
10 (at least), arriving at the European coast coming from North Africa. – First personal observation.
Goldfinch (Carduélis carduélis, Stieglitz):
2, near the mirador.

DSCN2602
View from the Mirador de Estrecho de Gibraltar near Tarifa to the Northafrican coast (07.04.2003)

07.04.2003, 15:10-16:40
Tarifa, Valle de Santuario, Andalucía (Spain)
22 °C, sunny.
Just west of the Mirador at kilometre 91 I turned off from the N-340 into a road, leading to the Valle de Santuario. I followed this road for about 4 km. Then I left the car and looked for birds in the mountains.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
10, flying northwards.
Common Buzzard (Búteo búteo, Mäusebussard):
1, mobbed by a Raven.
Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus, Gänsegeier):
10 (at least), flying northwards.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
1, flying.
Stonechat (Saxícola torquáta, Schwarzkehlchen):
2, in shrubs.
Blackbird (Turdus mérula, Amsel):
1, warning.
Common Raven (Corvus corax, Kolkrabe):
1, calling in flight, mobbing a Common Buzzard.
Chaffinch (Fringílla coelebs, Buchfink):
2, singing.
Egyptian Mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon, Manguste):
1, a longtailed grey marten-like animal with an overall length of nearly 1 m, crossing the road.

07.04.2003, 17:10-19:30
La Janda, Andalucía (Spain)
22 °C, sunny.
I reached the main drainage ditch of La Janda following the N-340 from Tarifa up to the junction with the Zahara road (Ca-2221). Opposite the Venta de Retín I turned right into an untarmacked road and after about 1000 m I stopped the car at a bridge crossing the main drainage ditch (Canal Colector del Este). There I took photos of a Corn Bunting, a White Stork and Cattle Egretts. – The following bird species were observed.
Cattle Egret (Bubúlcus ibis, Kuhreiher):
37, 8 of them behind a ploughing tractor.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
8, 7 of them flying, 1 behind a ploughing tractor.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
8, 6 of them flying, 2 swimming on the main drainage ditch.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1, flying.
Common Morhen (Gallínula chlóropus, Teichralle):
1, in the main ditch.
Bee-eater (Merops apiaster, Bienenfresser):
3, flying.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
1, on the track.
Stonechat (Saxícola torquáta, Schwarzkehlchen):
1 male, on a fence.
Spotless Starling (Sturnus unícolor, Einfarbstar):
25, flying.
Goldfinch (Carduélis carduélis, Stieglitz):
2, flying.
Corn Bunting (Miliaria calándra, Grauammer):
1, singing on a fence (photos).

DSCN2719
La Janda with the the main drainage ditch (07.04.2003)

08.04.2003, 10:00
Novo Sancti Petri, Hotel Barrosa Garden, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, overcast.
Collared Turtle Dove (Streptopélia decaócto, Türkentaube):
1, flying.
Blackbird (Turdus mérula, Amsel):
1, singing, in the garden of the hotel.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
10 (at least), in the garden of the hotel.
Greenfinch (Chloris chloris, Grünfink):
1.

08.04.2003, 12:35-13:30
Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Pinar de la Algaida, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, hazy.
The following bird species were seen from the hide at the Laguna del Tarelo.
Little Grebe (Pódiceps ruficóllis, Zwergtaucher):
1, calling, also seen.
Great Crested Grebe (Pódiceps cristátus, Haubentaucher):
1, swimming.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
18, swimming.
Red-crested Pochard (Netta rúfina, Kolbenente):
20 (at least), swimming.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
18, swimming.
White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephalus, Weißkopf-Ruderente):
10, swimming (photos).
Common Morhen (Gallínula chlóropus, Teichralle):
2, swimming.
Black Coot (Fúlica atra, Bleßralle):
7, swimming.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
10, flying.

08.04.2003, 13:30-14:15
Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Pinar de la Algaida, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, hazy.
Coming from Sanlúcar de Barrameda I went by car on the main road through the pinewood (Pinar de la Algaida). Sometimes loose sand covered this road, which nevertheless was still passable. The following bird species were observed in the pinewood.
Black Kite (Milvus migrans, Schwarzmilan):
2, gliding over the pinewood.
Collared Turtle Dove (Streptopélia decaócto, Türkentaube):
1, calling.
Common Raven (Corvus corax, Kolkrabe):
2, flying.
Chaffinch (Fringílla coelebs, Buchfink):
1, singing.

08.04.2003, 14:15-15:50
Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Salina de Monte Algaida, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, overcast.
Having passed the pinewood of Algaida (Pinar de la Algaida) I followed the tarmacked road up to the point, where the access to the Salina de Bonanza was signposted (Observatorio Salina de Bonanza 6,1 km). There the road turned left. After about 1000 m I parked the car and walked through the marshland to the bank of the Guadalquivir. – The following bird species were observed.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
4, on the marshland or at the edge of ditches.
Cattle Egret (Bubúlcus ibis, Kuhreiher):
1, on the marshland.
Black Kite (Milvus migrans, Schwarzmilan):
1, perched on a power line.
Red Kite (Milvus milvus, Rotmilan):
1, on a dead tree.
Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginósus, Rohrweihe):
3 (1,2), gliding over the marshland.
Black Coot (Fúlica atra, Bleßralle):
1, on a ditch.
Kentish Plover (Charádrius alexandrínus, Seeregenpfeifer):
4, at the edge of shallow water.
Grey Plover (Pluviális squataróla, Kiebitzregenpfeifer):
6, on the muddy river bank. Some of them already with black belly.
Little Stint (Calídris minúta, Zwergstrandläufer):
1, on the muddy river bank.
Dunlin (Calídris alpína, Alpenstrandläufer):
25, 10 of them on the muddy river bank, 15 in shallow water in the marshland.
Redshank (Tringa tótanus, Rotschenkel):
18, 9 of them on the marshland or at the edge of ditches, 9 on the muddy river bank.
Common Greenshank (Tringa nebulária, Grünschenkel):
1, on the muddy river bank.
Street Pigeon (Colúmba spec., Haustaube):
2, flying.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
2, on a track.
Yellow Wagtail (Motacílla flava, Schafstelze):
4, on the marshland. Birds of the subspecies Motacílla flava ibériae with white throat.

08.04.2003, 15:50-16:30
Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Salina de Monte Algaida, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
After my return from the riverbank of the Guadalquivir I went by car downriver until I reached the first saltpans of the Salina de Monte Algaida. There I stopped again, since the track became impassable. The following bird species were observed in the saltpans, on the barriers of the saltpans or in shallow water of the nearby marshland.
Great White Egret (Egretta alba, Silberreiher):
1, on a dam in the saltworks. The bird displayed the characteristic yellow bill. The Great White Egrett (Egretta alba) is a very scarce but regular winter visitor in Doñana [J. R. Butler, Birdwatching on Spain's Southern Coasts, 1st Edition, Fuengirola (Málaga), 2001, page 297]. – First personal observation after sightings in the Warthe estuary in 2001 and 2002.
Common Spoonbill (Platálea leucoródia, Löffler):
4, in shallow water.
Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber, Rosaflamingo):
30, in the saltworks.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
6, swimming.
Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeáta, Löffelente):
2, swimming.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
5, in shallow water.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
20, in shallow water.
Ringed Plover (Charádrius hiatícula, Sandregenpfeifer):
4, on sandy ground.
Kentish Plover (Charádrius alexandrínus, Seeregenpfeifer):
3, on sandy ground.
Grey Plover (Pluviális squataróla, Kiebitzregenpfeifer):
1, in shallow water.
Dunlin (Calídris alpína, Alpenstrandläufer):
4, in shallow water.
Black-tailed Godwit (Limósa limósa, Uferschnepfe):
2, in shallow water, already in breeding plumage.
Redshank (Tringa tótanus, Rotschenkel):
1, in shallow water.
Common Greenshank (Tringa nebulária, Grünschenkel):
1, in shallow water.
Black Tern (Chlidónias nigra, Trauerseeschwalbe):
1, flying.

08.04.2003, 16:30-19:10
Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Marismas de Trebujena, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, overcast, only sometimes sunshine.
After return from the saltpans of the Salina de Monte Algaida I followed the track along the Guadalquivir upstream and observed the birds in the wetland of the river bank. This area surprised by the diversity of roosting waders, ducks, gulls and terns.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
2, in the marshland.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
3, at the water's edge.
Common Spoonbill (Platálea leucoródia, Löffler):
10, feeding in deeper water.
Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber, Rosaflamingo):
200, feeding in deeper water.
Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeáta, Löffelente):
40 (at least), swimming in shallow water.
Marbled Duck (Marmaronetta angustirostris, Marmelente):
3, swimming in shallow water. Characteristic is the dusky eye-surround. – First personal observation.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
20 at least), swimming in shallow water.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
50 (at least), in shallow water.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
50 (at least), feeding in shallow water.
Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola, Rotflügel-Brachschwalbe):
5, flying tern-like over shallow water. White rump and belly contrasted with the all dark remainder, tail forked. – First personal observation.
Ringed Plover (Charádrius hiatícula, Sandregenpfeifer):
3, at the water's edge.
Kentish Plover (Charádrius alexandrínus, Seeregenpfeifer):
3, at the water's edge.
Little Stint (Calídris minúta, Zwergstrandläufer):
20 (at least), in shallow water, together with other waders.
Curlew Sandpiper (Calídris ferrugínea, Sichelstrandläufer):
50 (at least), in shallow water, together with other waders. Many of these birds already in the brick-red breeding plumage.
Dunlin (Calídris alpína, Alpenstrandläufer):
100 (at least), in shallow water, together with other waders.
Ruff (Philomáchus pugnax, Kampfläufer):
15 (at least), in shallow water, together with other waders.
Black-tailed Godwit (Limósa limósa, Uferschnepfe):
20 (at least), in shallow water, together with other waders.
Redshank (Tringa tótanus, Rotschenkel):
50 (at least), in shallow water, together with other waders.
Common Sandpiper (Actítis hypoléucos, Flußuferläufer):
1, at the water's edge.
Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibúndus, Lachmöwe):
200 (at least), swimming in shallow water.
Whiskered Tern (Chlidónias hýbrida, Weißbart-Seeschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying over shallow water.

DSCN2762 and DSCN2772
Shorebirds in the Marismas de Trebujena (08.04.2003)

09.04.2003, 11:00-12:00
Conil de la Frontera, N-340, Kilometre 25.5, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, fair.
On the route from Novo Sancti Petri to the lighthouse of Trafalgar I stopped on the N-340 at kilometre 25.5 on a car park, where the road crossed the Rio Salade de Conil. In the rural surroundings of this car park the following bird species were observed.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
2, flying off.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
1, flying.
Black Kite (Milvus migrans, Schwarzmilan):
1, gliding over the farm- and grassland.
Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus, Wiesenweihe):
2 (1,1), gliding over the farm- and grassland.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
2, 1 of them was roosting under the road bridge.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
2, on the car park.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
2, flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
1, singing, but not the full song we are used to hear in May in Germany.
Cetti´s Warbler (Céttia cetti, Seidensänger):
2, singing.
Spotless Starling (Sturnus unícolor, Einfarbstar):
3, flying.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
20, (at least), in holes of the concrete walls of the road bridge.
Corn Bunting (Miliaria calándra, Grauammer):
3.

09.04.2003, 12:30-14:30
Cabo de Trafalgar, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny, strong wind.
I came a second time to this place in order to make once more photos of Audouin's Gulls. This time I tried to make the photos direct from the car in order to reduce the negative influence of the strong wind. – The following bird species were observed.
Sanderling (Calídris alba, Sanderling):
30, roosting in shallow water of the lagoon behind the dunes.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
50, roosting in shallow water of the lagoon behind the dunes.
Audouin’s Gull (Larus audouinii, Korallenmöwe):
15, roosting in shallow water of the lagoon behind the dunes.

09.04.2003, 14:40-15:30
Cabo de Trafalgar, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny, strong wind.
From the lighthouse I did sea-watching for nearly an hour. The following bird species could be identified.
Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea, Gelbschnabel-Sturmtaucher):
30 (20 + 10), flying southwards in two groups to the Strait of Gibraltar. The upperparts of the birds were brown. They had the size of a Yellow-legged Gull.
Northern Gannet (Sula bassána, Baßtölpel):
2, flying northwards (to Cadiz).
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
12.
Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicénsis, Brandseeschwalbe):
3, the characteristic black bill with yellow tip could well be recognized.

09.04.2003, 16:30-17:10
Barbate, Marismas de Barbate, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny.
From the lighthouse of Trafalgar I drove via Barbate to the bridge over the river Barbate immediately behind the town on the Barbate/Zahara road. From the bridge the following birds were observed in the marshland and the muddy river bed.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, in the muddy river bed.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
1, wading in shallow water.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
2, in the muddy river bed.
Ringed Plover (Charádrius hiatícula, Sandregenpfeifer):
65, in the muddy river bed.
Kentish Plover (Charádrius alexandrínus, Seeregenpfeifer):
6, in the muddy river bed.
Sanderling (Calídris alba, Sanderling):
6, in the muddy river bed.
Dunlin (Calídris alpína, Alpenstrandläufer):
55, in the muddy river bed.
Bar-tailed Godwit (Limósa lappónica, Pfuhlschnepfe):
19, in shallow water.
Curlew (Numénius arquáta, Großer Brachvogel):
1, in the muddy river bed.
Redshank (Tringa tótanus, Rotschenkel):
4, in the muddy river bed.
Common Greenshank (Tringa nebulária, Grünschenkel):
1, in the muddy river bed.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
500 (at least), in the muddy river bed.
Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicénsis, Brandseeschwalbe):
90, on a sandbank in the river bed.

09.04.2003, 18:05-18:30
Venta del Retin, N-340, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
Coming from Barbate via Zahara de Los Atunes I had a rest of 30 min immediately before I reached the N-340 at Venta del Retin. In the rural surroundings the following bird species were observed.
Common Cuckoo (Cúculus canórus, Kuckuck):
1, calling.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
1, on a meadow.
Goldfinch (Carduélis carduélis, Stieglitz):
3, on a meadow.

09.04.2003, 18:35-20:20
La Janda, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
At Venta del Retin I crossed the N-340 and after about 1500 m I reached the main drainage ditch at the same point as 2 days before. This time I followed the track along the ditch and returned to the N-340 at kilometre 47. The last 5 km I drove on the road leading from the N-340 to the Embalse de Celemin. – The following bird species were observed.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, flying off from a ditch.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
2, on the edge of the main drainage ditch.
Cattle Egret (Bubúlcus ibis, Kuhreiher):
2, on the edge of the main drainage ditch.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
4, 2 of them soaring over the grass- and farmland, 1 in a pond, 1 on grassland.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
500 (at least), on grassland.
Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginósus, Rohrweihe):
1 female, on grassland, on the ground.
Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus, Wiesenweihe):
1 male, with all characteristics.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1, flying. No bluish wing panel!
Red-legged Partridge (Alectoris rufa, Rothuhn):
2, at the track.
Bee-eater (Merops apiaster, Bienenfresser):
10, on a power line.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
9, on the track.
Calandra Lark (Melanocorypha calandra, Kalanderlerche):
1, singing. In song flight with slow wing flaps. Underwings blackish. – First personal observation.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
4, flying.
Yellow Wagtail (Motacílla flava, Schafstelze):
1, of the subspecies M. f. ibériae with white chin.
Stonechat (Saxícola torquáta, Schwarzkehlchen):
1 male, on a fence.
Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis, Cistensänger):
1, singing, in song flight.
Whitethroat (Sýlvia commúnis, Dorngrasmücke):
1, in a shrub.
Spotless Starling (Sturnus unícolor, Einfarbstar):
50, on grassland.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
6, in a shrub.
Goldfinch (Carduélis carduélis, Stieglitz):
4 (2 + 2), at the edge of the track.
Linnet (Carduélis cannábina, Bluthänfling):
2, in a shrub.
Corn Bunting (Miliaria calándra, Grauammer):
5, 1 in a shrub, 4 singing on a power line.

10.04.2003, 13:00-13:45
El Rocío, Centro de la Rocina, First Hide, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
I started in Novo Sancti Petri at 9 a.m. and reached El Rocio at 12.30. The distance was about 225 km. More than 175 km were good motor highways. Nevertheless, such a distance is to large for convenient birdwatching.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
4, in shallow water.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
2, in shallow water.
Cattle Egret (Bubúlcus ibis, Kuhreiher):
3, on a meadow near grazing horses.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
3, at nests on a tree.
Common Spoonbill (Platálea leucoródia, Löffler):
1, in the reed.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
10, swimming.
Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeáta, Löffelente):
3, swimming.
Red-crested Pochard (Netta rúfina, Kolbenente):
4 (3,1), swimming.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
1, swimming.
Black Kite (Milvus migrans, Schwarzmilan):
3, gliding over the Centro de la Rocina.
Common Morhen (Gallínula chlóropus, Teichralle):
2, swimming.
Whiskered Tern (Chlidónias hýbrida, Weißbart-Seeschwalbe):
5, over the water.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
1, flying.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
5, flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
1, singing
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
5 (at least).
Greenfinch (Chloris chloris, Grünfink):
1, singing.

10.04.2003, 13:45-14:00
El Rocío, Centro de la Rocina, Second Hide, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
2, in the reeds.
Common Spoonbill (Platálea leucoródia, Löffler):
3, in the reeds.
Greylag Goose (Anser anser, Graugans):
1, swimming.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
10, swimming.
Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeáta, Löffelente):
2, swimming.
Red-crested Pochard (Netta rúfina, Kolbenente):
5, swimming.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
5 males, swimming.
Common Morhen (Gallínula chlóropus, Teichralle):
1, swimming.
Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus scirpáceus, Teichrohrsänger):
1, singing.
Chaffinch (Fringílla coelebs, Buchfink):
1, singing.
Goldfinch (Carduélis carduélis, Stieglitz):
1, on a tree.

10.04.2003, 14:00-14:25
El Rocío, Centro de la Rocina, Third Hide, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
Little Grebe (Pódiceps ruficóllis, Zwergtaucher):
2, calling. The birds were also seen.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, at the water's edge.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
8, swimming.
Red-crested Pochard (Netta rúfina, Kolbenente):
1, swimming.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
4 (3,1), swimming.
Whiskered Tern (Chlidónias hýbrida, Weißbart-Seeschwalbe):
8, over the water.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
4, singing.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
1, singing.

10.04.2003, 14:25-15:00
El Rocío, Centro de la Rocina, Fourth Hide, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
From the fourth hide the following bird species were observed.
Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus, Sichler):
5, on grassland near the water's edge. – First personal observation since 1984 in Burgas (Bulgaria).
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
5, swimming.
Red-crested Pochard (Netta rúfina, Kolbenente):
2, swimming.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
10, swimming.
Redshank (Tringa tótanus, Rotschenkel):
1, calling.
Whiskered Tern (Chlidónias hýbrida, Weißbart-Seeschwalbe):
6, over the water.
Cetti´s Warbler (Céttia cetti, Seidensänger):
2, singing.
Sardinian Warbler (Sýlvia melanocéphala, Samtkopfgrasmücke):
1, in a shrub.

10.04.2003, 16:20-18:00
El Rocío, Bridge over the Arroyo de la Rocina, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
From the bridge the following bird species were observed in the wetland and in the shallow water of La Madre de las Marismas.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, in shallow water.
Common Spoonbill (Platálea leucoródia, Löffler):
6, in shallow water.
Greylag Goose (Anser anser, Graugans):
5 (4 + 1), swimming or on grassland.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
10, swimming.
Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeáta, Löffelente):
4, swimming.
Red-crested Pochard (Netta rúfina, Kolbenente):
2, swimming.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
4, swimming.
Common Morhen (Gallínula chlóropus, Teichralle):
3, swimming.
Black Coot (Fúlica atra, Bleßralle):
15, swimming.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
50 (at least), in shallow water.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
80, landing in the wetland.
Ruff (Philomáchus pugnax, Kampfläufer):
10 (at least), on grassland.
Black-tailed Godwit (Limósa limósa, Uferschnepfe):
200 (at least), in shallow water or on wetland.
Collared Turtle Dove (Streptopélia decaócto, Türkentaube):
2, on a tree.
Sand Martin (Ripária ripária, Uferschwalbe):
10, flying or roosting on a power line.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
20, flying.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
2, flying.

10.04.2003, 18:30-19:20
El Rocío, Palacio del Acebrón, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, overcast.
From the Centro de la Rocina I drove to the nearby Palacio del Acebrón. There I parked the car and had a walk through the park surrounding the palace. The following bird species were observed.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
2, flying off.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, flying.
Quail (Cotúrnix cotúrnix, Wachtel):
1, calling in the area between the Palacio del Acebrón and the Centro de la Rocina (at 19.30).
Bee-eater (Merops apiaster, Bienenfresser):
30, roosting on trees or flying, with characteristic calls.
Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrócopos major, Buntspecht):
1, calling and drumming.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
1, flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
10 (at least), singing.
Blackbird (Turdus mérula, Amsel):
2, singing, also seen.
Cetti´s Warbler (Céttia cetti, Seidensänger):
1, singing.
Chaffinch (Fringílla coelebs, Buchfink):
2, singing.
Greenfinch (Chloris chloris, Grünfink):
2, calling.

10.04.2003, 19:30-20:00
El Rocío, centre of the village, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, overcast.
In the centre of El Rocio the following bird species were observed.
Street Pigeon (Colúmba spec., Haustaube):
3, in the village.
Hoopoe (Úpupa epops, Wiedehopf):
1, flying off, on the road before El Rocio (already at 12.30).
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
50 (at least), at nests hanging in large clusters on the walls of the church.
Spotless Starling (Sturnus unícolor, Einfarbstar):
1, flying.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
50 (at least), on the sandy roads of the village.

11.04.2003, 18:00-18:50
Puerto de Santa Maria, Laguna Juncosa, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
The Laguna Juncosa is situated north of Puerto de Santa Maria. – The following bird species were observed.
Cattle Egret (Bubúlcus ibis, Kuhreiher):
2, on grassland.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
1, flying.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
2 (1,1), swimming.
Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeáta, Löffelente):
4 (2,2), swimming.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
1 male, swimming.
Purple Gallinule or Purple Swamp-hen (Porphýrio porphýrio, Purpurhuhn):
4 ad., with pulli.
Common Morhen (Gallínula chlóropus, Teichralle):
2, in the reed.
Black Coot (Fúlica atra, Bleßralle):
4 ad., with pulli.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
1, flying.
Red-rumped Swallow (Hirúndo daurica, Rötelschwalbe):
2, flying. The rusty-red rump appeared pale and reminds one of House Martin, whereas the long streamers are reminiscent of Barn Swallow. – First personal observation. Nests of these species I found already in October 2001 in Greece.

11.04.2003, 19:00-20:00
Puerto de Santa Maria, Laguna Salada, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
From the Laguna Juncosa to the Laguna Salada I had to walk about 1000 m. – The following bird species were observed in the area of the Laguna Salada.
Little Grebe (Pódiceps ruficóllis, Zwergtaucher):
2, swimming.
Black-necked Grebe (Pódiceps nigricóllis, Schwarzhalstaucher):
4, swimming.
Cattle Egret (Bubúlcus ibis, Kuhreiher):
200, gathering on a roosting place at the edge of the lake.
Gadwall (Anas strepéra, Schnatterente):
2, swimming.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
5, swimming.
Red-crested Pochard (Netta rúfina, Kolbenente):
8 (7,1), swimming.
White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephalus, Weißkopf-Ruderente):
2 males, swimming.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1, flying. Back red without bluish wing panel.
Red-legged Partridge (Alectoris rufa, Rothuhn):
3, on young crop.
Common Morhen (Gallínula chlóropus, Teichralle):
2, swimming.
Black Coot (Fúlica atra, Bleßralle):
49 (30 + 19), swimming.
Street Pigeon (Colúmba spec., Haustaube):
2, on farmland.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
4, flying.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
2, on the track.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
2, flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
2, singing.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
1, singing.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
15, near a farmhouse.

12.04.2003, 06:00-09:00
Novo Sancti Petri, Hotel Barrosa Garden, Andalucía (Spain)
The following bird species were observed in the surroundings of the hotel.
Collared Turtle Dove (Streptopélia decaócto, Türkentaube):
1, flying.
Blackbird (Turdus mérula, Amsel):
1, singing.
Greenfinch (Chloris chloris, Grünfink):
1, singing.

12.04.2003, 10:20-11:00
Tarifa, Punto Camorro, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny.
Coming from Chiclana de la Frontera I left the N-340 about 200 m behind the eastern junction to Tarifa. There a small road leads southwards into a military area at the coast. In a distance of about 1000 m from the coastline I stopped the car and scanned the skyline for migrating birds. The area of Punto Camorro was recommended as a good place for birdwatching in the Estación de Ornitológica de Tarifa (Colectivo Ornitológico Cigüeña Negra) at kilometre 78,5 of the N-340. – The following bird species were observed.
Booted Eagle (Hieraætus pennátus, Zwergadler):
1, arriving from Africa. Underwing coverts paler than primaries and secondaries. The Booted Eagle is a very common summer visitor in southern Spain (J. R. Butler, Birdwatching on Spain's Southern Coasts, Fuengirola (Malaga) 2001, p. 300. – First personal observation.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1 male, flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
1, singing.
Stonechat (Saxícola torquáta, Schwarzkehlchen):
1 female, in a shrub.
Sardinian Warbler (Sýlvia melanocéphala, Samtkopfgrasmücke):
2, in shrubs.
Linnet (Carduélis cannábina, Bluthänfling):
3, in shrubs.

12.04.2003, 11:30-12:10
Tarifa, Mirador de Estrecho de Gibraltar, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny.
I was again disappointed concerning the low numbers of arriving birds. Over the Strait of Gibraltar I observed six reddish raptors, which I could not identify.
Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus, Gänsegeier):
2, gliding northwards.
Unidentified Raptor (unbestimmter Greifvogel):
6 reddish raptors, which I could not identify. Crossing the Strait of Gibraltar.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
5 (at least), flying northwards.

12.04.2003, 12:50-14:25
Algeciras, Punto Carnero, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny, later overcast.
I reached Punto Carnero from the N-340 turning to the right at the first traffic lights before Algeciras. From Punto Carnero I had a good view over the Strait of Gibraltar and on the rock of Gibraltar itself. – The following bird species were observed from the top of the cliffs.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1, flying.
Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrínus, Wanderfalke):
2, flying near the cliffs.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
100 (at least), flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
1, singing.
Stonechat (Saxícola torquáta, Schwarzkehlchen):
1, on a power line.

12.04.2003, 15:00-16:40
Los Alcornocales, Montera del Torero, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
North of Algeciras I left the N-340 and followed the Ca-231 through Los Barrios until I reached the A-381, the Algeciras-Jerez de la Frontera road, leading trough the Parque Natural de los Alcornocales. At the Área Recreativa Montera del Torero I stopped for birdwatching. South-eastwards from this mountainous area I could still recognize the Rock of Gibraltar in far distance.
Short-toed Eagle (Circáëtus gállicus, Schlangenadler):
1. This bird could be observed for a longer time from a distance of about 150 m. The brown upperparts, the dark head and the pale (white) underparts with rows of dark spots on belly and underwings could be well recognized. The bird hovered or hung motionless in the wind.
Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus, Schmutzgeier):
2, landing on grassland.
Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus, Gänsegeier):
30, soaring in the area.
Chaffinch (Fringílla coelebs, Buchfink):
1, singing.

12.04.2003, 16:50-17:05
Los Alcornocales, Los Principes, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
2500 m north from the Área Recreativa Montera del Torero I stopped again and watched birds in the mountainous area. Nearby the construction of a new highway through the Park Natural los Alcornocales was going on. – The following bird species were observed.
Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni, Rötelfalke):
3, flying.
Unidentified Raptor (unbestimmter Greifvogel):
10, not recognized due to the large distance.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
2, flying.
Bee-eater (Merops apiaster, Bienenfresser):
22 (at least), migrating northwards.
Common Raven (Corvus corax, Kolkrabe):
1, calling in flight.

12.04.2003, 17:20
Los Alcornocales, Embalse de Charco Redondo, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
The road A-381 crosses the western edge of the reservoir. From the bridge the following bird species were observed.
Cattle Egret (Bubúlcus ibis, Kuhreiher):
14, on grassland.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
6, swimming.
Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus, Gänsegeier):
1, flying.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1, flying.
White Wagtail (Motacílla alba, Bachstelze):
1, flying.
Spotless Starling (Sturnus unícolor, Einfarbstar):
5, flying.

12.04.2003, 18:00-18:20
Benalup, road Ca-212, kilometre 31, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, fair.
From Benalup I followed the road Ca-212. At kilometre 31 I observed the following bird species.
Cattle Egret (Bubúlcus ibis, Kuhreiher):
3, flying.
Short-toed Eagle (Circáëtus gállicus, Schlangenadler):
1, hovering, gliding and hanging in the wind over grassland, sometimes landing on the ground.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
1, flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
1, singing.

12.04.2003, 18:30-19:00
Benalup, Embalse de Celemin, Andalucía (Spain)
20 °C, sunny.
On the route from Benalup back to the N-340 I reached the reservoir Embalse de Celemin. The following bird species were observed.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, at the edge of a ditch. The bill was black.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
500, swimming on the reservoir.
Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus, Wiesenweihe):
1 female, flying.
Collared Turtle Dove (Streptopélia decaócto, Türkentaube):
1, flying.
Common Cuckoo (Cúculus canórus, Kuckuck):
1, calling.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
2, singing.
Grashopper Warbler (Locustélla naevia, Feldschwirl):
1, singing. – This warbler is widespread in Spain on passage in April and May.
Linnet (Carduélis cannábina, Bluthänfling):
3, at the edge of the road.

13.04.2003, 11:10-11:30
Jerez de la Frontera, rural area south of the airport, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, fair.
The following bird species were observed in a rural area with grassland south of the airport.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
4, flying.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1, flying.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
4, flying.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
3, on grassland.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
1, flying.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
3, flying.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
5, near houses.
Goldfinch (Carduélis carduélis, Stieglitz):
2, flying.

13.04.2003, 12:20
Mesas de Asta, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, overcast.
On the road from Jerez de la Frontera to Trebujena the following dead mammals were found.
Hedgehog (Erináceus europáeus, Igel):
1, dead on the road.
Hare (Lepus europáeus, Hase):
1 young hare, dead on the road.

13.04.2003, 12:30-16:25
Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Marismas de Trebujena, Andalucía (Spain)
18 °C, overcast, strong wind, occasionally raining.
From Trebujena I found the road leading to the bank of the Guadalquivir. – The following bird species were observed.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
1, roosting at the water's edge.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
2, flying.
Cattle Egret (Bubúlcus ibis, Kuhreiher):
50, on grassland.
Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber, Rosaflamingo):
200, feeding in shallow water.
Black Kite (Milvus migrans, Schwarzmilan):
1, gliding over grassland.
Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus, Gänsegeier):
3, gliding over grassland.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
2, flying.
Common Morhen (Gallínula chlóropus, Teichralle):
1, on the road near a ditch.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
50, in shallow water.
Stone-curlew (Búrhinus oedicnémus, Triel):
3, roosting on grassland.
Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola, Rotflügel-Brachschwalbe):
5 (at least), roosting on the track near the car or flying over grassland and shallow water.
Ringed Plover (Charádrius hiatícula, Sandregenpfeifer):
1, at the water's edge.
Lapwing (Vanéllus vanéllus, Kiebitz):
6
, on grassland. At least two of these birds defended their territory against Yellow-legged Gulls. Maybe, these birds where breeding in this area.
Black-tailed Godwit (Limósa limósa, Uferschnepfe):
200 (at least), in shallow water.
Curlew (Numénius arquáta, Großer Brachvogel):
1, on grassland.
Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibúndus, Lachmöwe):
200, in shallow water or flying.
Whiskered Tern (Chlidónias hýbrida, Weißbart-Seeschwalbe):
15 (at least), roosting at the water's edge or flying.
Black Tern (Chlidónias nigra, Trauerseeschwalbe):
6, roosting at the water's edge or flying over the shallow water.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
3, flying.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
3, on the track.

14.04.2003, 09:00-11:00
Jerez de la Frontera, airport, Andalucía (Spain)
16 °C, overcast, later raining.
The following bird species were observed in the surroundings of the airport.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, flying.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
2, flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
2, singing.
Spotless Starling (Sturnus unícolor, Einfarbstar):
2, flying.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
5 (at least).
Goldfinch (Carduélis carduélis, Stieglitz):
1, singing.

 
 

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