Birdwatching at the Black Sea Coast in the Surroundings of Burgas
(Bulgaria)

 
 


May 03 – 10, 2004

Excursions

Hans Schick
Contact or comments: schick@asca-berlin.de

No part of this work may be used for commercial purposes without the written permission of the author. © H. Schick.

Trip Reports

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Species List

 
 


Introduction

From May 3 – 10, 2004 I spent again a week in the surroundings of Burgas for birdwatching. After my visit in September/October 2003 I was interested in the birdlife of this area in spring.

Itinerary
May 3, 2004:
Flight from Berlin to Burgas. Arrival at 7:10 local time. Take-over of a rented car at the airport and drive to the Interhotel Pomorie in Pomorie north of Burgas. In the afternoon birdwatching at the lake and at the saltworks of Pomorie.
May 4, 2004: Drive southwards on road E 87 from Pomorie to Lake Atanasov (Atanasovsko ezero). Walking to the northern edge of the protected area and birdwatching up to 15.30. Then drive to the hide at the most northern roundabout of Burgas (Izgrev) and birdwatching at the southern saltworks of Lake Atanasov.
May 5, 2004: Drive from Pomorie via Burgas along the E 87 to the Protected Area Poda and birdwatching up to 15.00. Due to rain early return to Pomorie.
May 6, 2004: Drive from Pomorie southwards on the road E 87 via Burgas, Sozopol, Djuni and Arkutino to the River Ropotamo. Birdwatching in the forest at the hill Sveta Ilija near Sozopol, in the Alepú wetland, at the River Ropotamo and in the Protected Area Chengene skale.
May 7, 2004: Drive from Pomorie to the southern saltworks of Lake Atanasov, then to Gorno Ezerovo at the southern bank of the Lake Burgas (Burgasko ezero). Birdwatching up to 15:00. Thereafter drive via Meden Rudnik to the fish ponds near Konstantinovo.
May 8, 2004: Drive from Pomorie via Burgas to the Protected Area Poda. Birdwatching up to 19:00.
May 9, 2004: Drive from Pomorie via Burgas and Meden Rudnik to Tvardica and Dimčevo. Birdwatching in the area of the outlet of the Mandra Reservoir and in the Protected Area Ustieto na Reka Izvorska (Mouth of the River Izvorska).
May 10, 2004:
Drive from Pomorie to the Protected Area Poda for a last short visit. Then return to the Airport Burgas and departure to Berlin at 14:45.

Registration of the observations
All ornithological observations were registered in the databank OrniDB97–2.20, developed by Ralf Schirmeister (www.ralf-schirmeister.de for download) and were edited in two different ways. Under the heading "Excursions" one finds the complete records to the different observation places in chronological order. Under the heading "Species List" one finds the date, the place, and the number of observed individuals in systematic order. In the section Excursions some photos give an impression of the visited areas, in the Species List one finds some photos of birds taken by a Nikon Coolpix 4500 in combination with a telescope Swarovski AT 80 HD.

Ornithological literature used
Lars Svensson, Peter J. Grant, Killian Mullarney, Dan Zetterström, Der neue Kosmos-Vogelführer, alle Arten Europas, Nordafrikas und Vorderasiens, Frankh-Kosmos-Verlags-GmbH & Co., Stuttgart, 1999.
This book corresponds to:
Killian Mullarney, Lars Svensson, Dan Zetterström, Peter J. Grant, Collins Bird Guide, The Most CompleteField Guide to The Birds of Britain and Europe, HarperCollins, London 1999.

Books and maps for the orientation in the area
Freitag & Berndt, Bulgarische Schwarzmeerküste – Burgas (Bulgarian Black Sea Coast – Burgas). Scale 1 : 150 000 (ISBN-3-7079-0323-0).
Kartografija EOOD, Strandzha – Bulgaria. Tourist Map. Scale 1 : 100 000. First edition, Sofia 2003.

Further informations
Philipp Meister, Feuchtgebiete in Bulgarien: Artenvielfalt am Zugweg "via Ponticum", Der Falke 2003, 50, 69–75.
Website of the Protected Area Poda: http//www.bspb-poda.de

Links to Birding in Bulgaria
http://www.fatbirder.com/links_geo/europe/bulgaria.html

Excursions

03.05.2004, 09:00-10:30
Pomorie, surroundings of the Interhotel Pomorie, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
12 °C, overcast.
The following bird species were observed from the roof garden of the hotel.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
47, 30 of them roosting on the lighthouse, 17 flying along the coastline.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
10 (at least), flying or roosting on the beach.
Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicénsis, Brandseeschwalbe):
5 (at least), flying.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
10 (at least), flying.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying.

03.05.2004, 16:15-17:15
Pomorie, Pomorie Lake, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
15 °C, fair.
The following bird species were observed on the Pomorie Lake and its southern shore.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
105, roosting on stones.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
4, in shallow water.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
4, in shallow water.
Kentish Plover (Charádrius alexandrínus, Seeregenpfeifer):
5, on the sandy shore.
Ruff (Philomáchus pugnax, Kampfläufer):
3 females, in shallow water.
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glaréola, Bruchwasserläufer):
2, in shallow water.
Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicénsis, Brandseeschwalbe):
300, roosting on stones.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
20 (at least), flying.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
20 (at least), flying.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
50 (at least), flying.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
1, singing, in a reedbed.
Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica, Elster):
1, flying.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
4, on the road.

DSCN9529
Pomorie Lake (03.05.2004)

03.05.2004, 17:35-18:40
Pomorie, saltworks east of the E87, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
15 °C, fair.
The following bird species were observed in the saltpans or the surroundings.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
29, 13 of them flying, 16 roosting on posts.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, at the edge of the reeds.
Shelduck (Tadórna tadórna, Brandgans):
2, flying.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
2, flying.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
2, in shallow water.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
9, in shallow water.
Kentish Plover (Charádrius alexandrínus, Seeregenpfeifer):
1, on sands.
Little Stint (Calídris minúta, Zwergstrandläufer):
20, among Curlew Sandpipers and Dunlins.
Curlew Sandpiper (Calídris ferrugínea, Sichelstrandläufer):
100 (at least), most of them already in the brick-red breeding plumage. These birds were smaller than the Reeves, but had a longer down-curved bill.
Dunlin (Calídris alpína, Alpenstrandläufer):
10, among Curlew Sandpipers and Little Stints. These birds displayed their characteristic black belly.
Ruff (Philomáchus pugnax, Kampfläufer):
10 (at least), in shallow water. Only one male could be detected. Some of the birds displayed bright yellow legs.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
1, flying.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying.

DSCN9545 and DSCN9546
Pomorie, saltworks east of the E87 (03.05.2004)

04.05.2004, 09:30
Pomorie, surroundings of the Interhotel Pomorie, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
12 °C, overcast.
From the roof garden of the hotel the following bird species were observed.
Great Crested Grebe (Pódiceps cristátus, Haubentaucher):
1, swimming on the sea.
Mediterranean Shearwater (Puffinus yelkuan, Mittelmeer-Sturmtaucher):
, 72 (60 + 12), flying low about 1000 m from the coastline northwards over the sea. The second group was nearer to the coast. Upperparts dark, underparts whitish.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
15, roosting on the lighthouse.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
10, simultaneously over the sea.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
3, flying.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
20, simultaneously over the sea.

04.05.2004, 10:10-10:30
Pomorie, Pomorie Lake, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
14 °C, overcast.
The following bird species were observed at the Pomorie Lake, which I reached again from the ul. Knjas Boris I.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
8, on the saltmarsh.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
7, in the shallow water of a saltpan.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
10 (at least), flying.
Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicénsis, Brandseeschwalbe):
300 (at least, maybe even 500), roosting on stones and posts in the water of the lake.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
20, flying.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
20, over the saltpan.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
20, over the saltpan.
Winchat (Saxícola rubétra, Braunkehlchen):
2, in shrubs.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
5, on the street.

04.05.2004, 10:55-15:30
Burgas, Atanasovsko ezero, Northern Saltworks, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
14 °C, overcast.
I parked my car near the huts and walked through the reserve up to its most northern end. – The following 48 bird species were observed.
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticórax nycticórax, Nachtreiher):
1 ad., flying off from the edge of a reedbed, displaying grey wings and a black back. A Little Bittern would displays a great white patch in the dark wing and is smaller than a Morhen!
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, standing on wetland, with elongated nape-feathers. These nape-plumes lack with Great Egrett!
Great White Egret (Egrétta alba, Silberreiher):
1, with yellow bill. There were at least 12 other egretts with black bills and black feet, which could not be identified. Maybe, these birds were Little Egretts with muddy feet.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
2, flying.
Squacco Heron (Ardéola ralloídes, Rallenreiher):
1, flying.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
4, 2 on grassland, 2 on a nest on a post.
Shelduck (Tadórna tadórna, Brandgans):
2, flying.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
2, flying.
Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginósus, Rohrweihe):
3 (1,2), flying over the reedbeds or gliding in great height.
Common Buzzard (Búteo búteo, Mäusebussard):
2, flying.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
3 (at least), flying or on posts of power lines.
Quail (Cotúrnix cotúrnix, Wachtel):
2, calling on grassland.
Common Morhen (Gallínula chlóropus, Teichralle):
1, swimming on a ditch.
Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola, Rotflügel-Brachschwalbe):
, 4, flying or roosting on grassland.
Lapwing (Vanéllus vanéllus, Kiebitz):
8
, on grassland.
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glaréola, Bruchwasserläufer):
2, on wetland.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
50, on dams of the saltpans.
Street Pigeon (Colúmba lívia f. doméstica, Haustaube):
3, on a power line.
Common Cuckoo (Cúculus canórus, Kuckuck):
2, one on a power line, one calling.
Bee-eater (Merops apiaster, Bienenfresser):
6, flying in a group over grassland, always with characteristic flight calls.
European Roller (Corácias gárrulus, Blauracke):
2 (1 + 1), sitting on power lines.
Hoopoe (Úpupa epops, Wiedehopf):
3, 2 flying off from the edge of a basin.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
7, singly or in pairs, on the dam of a basin.
Skylark (Aláuda arvénsis, Feldlerche):
2 (at least), singing. The birds were unambiguously identified.
Sand Martin (Ripária ripária, Uferschwalbe):
50, flying over grassland.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
100 (at least), circulating over grassland.
Yellow Wagtail (Motacílla flava, Schafstelze):
2 males of the subspecies Motacilla flava feldegg, one on farmland, one on grassland, with the characteristic black head and bright yellow underparts.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
2 (at least), singing in shrubs. The song was modest.
Winchat (Saxícola rubétra, Braunkehlchen):
2, on grassland.
Northern Wheatear (Oenánthe oenánthe, Steinschmätzer):
1 male, on a lantern.
Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus scirpáceus, Teichrohrsänger):
5 (at least), singing in reedbeds.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
1, singing, in a reedbed.
Cetti´s Warbler (Céttia cetti, Seidensänger):
3, singing singly at the edge of reedbeds.
Whitethroat (Sýlvia commúnis, Dorngrasmücke):
1, in a shrub.
Blackcap (Sýlvia atricapílla, Mönchsgrasmücke):
2 males, in shrubs.
Common Wood Warbler (Phyllóscopus sibilátrix, Waldlaubsänger):
1, in a shrub. Bright-yellow breast, white underparts. Broad yellow supercilium and dark eye-stripe. Legs yellow.
Spotted Flycatcher (Muscícapa striáta, Grauschnäpper):
3, singly in shrubs or on a power line.
Bearded Tit (Panúrus biármicus, Bartmeise):
1, flying across the path between reedbeds.
Golden Oriol (Oríolus oríolus, Pirol):
1, calling.
Red-backed Shrike (Lánius collúrio, Rotrückenwürger):
3 males, singly in shrubs.
Woodchat Shrike (Lánius senátor, Rotkopfwürger):
1, in a shrub.
Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica, Elster):
7, flying or in shrubs, mostly singly.
Jackdaw (Corvus monédula, Dohle):
5, flying.
Starling (Sturnus vulgáris, Star):
3
, flying or on a power line.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
10, together with about 10 Spanish Sparrows under the roofs of the huts. The males were well distinguishable.
Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolénsis, Weidensperling):
35 (10 + 15 + 10). 10 of them together with House sparrows under the roofs of huts, 15 landing on a shrub, and 10 in the nest of White Storks.
Tree Sparrow (Passer montánus, Feldsperling):
2, on a track.
Corn Bunting (Miliaria calándra, Grauammer):
7, singly, on power lines or in shrubs.

DSCN9572 and DSCN9562
Grassland and reedbeds at the western side of the Protected Area Lake Atanasov North, 04.05.2004

04.05.2004, 16:15-17:25
Burgas, Atanasovsko ezero, Southern Saltworks, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
15 °C, overcast.
Coming from the Northern Saltworks of the Atanasovsko ezero (Lake Atanasov) I parked the car at the hide near the Izgrev round-about (most northern point of Burgas, where the E 87 leaves for Varna). First I scanned the area of the saltworks from the hide, which was closed, but than I walked through the overgrown park first northwards, later southwards and looked on the saltworks.
Squacco Heron (Ardéola ralloídes, Rallenreiher):
1, at the edge of a reedbed.
Common Spoonbill (Platálea leucoródia, Löffler):
30, foraging in shallow water.
Shelduck (Tadórna tadórna, Brandgans):
6, swimming.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
1, roosting on the shore.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
10 (at least), in shallow water.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
100 (at least), in shallow water or on the dams.
Curlew Sandpiper (Calídris ferrugínea, Sichelstrandläufer):
40, in shallow water, almost completely in the brick-red breeding plumage.
Ruff (Philomáchus pugnax, Kampfläufer):
10, in shallow water.
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erýthropus, Dunkler Wasserläufer):
1, in shallow water, in breeding plumage (base of lower mandible red).
Common Tern (Sterna hirúndo, Flußseeschwalbe):
50 (at least), 20 roosting or nesting on the dams, 30 on a platform.
Collared Turtle Dove (Streptopélia decaócto, Türkentaube):
1, at the water's edge.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
2, modestly singing in shrubs near a great ditch.
Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus scirpáceus, Teichrohrsänger):
1, singing, in a reedbed.
Cetti´s Warbler (Céttia cetti, Seidensänger):
1, singing, in a reedbed.
Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica, Elster):
5 (at least), in the park.
Jackdaw (Corvus monédula, Dohle):
1, flying.

DSCN9590
Burgas, Lake Atanasov, Southern Saltworks, 04.05.2004

04.05.2004, 17:25-18:00
Burgas, Atanasovsko ezero, Northern Saltworks, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
14 °C, overcast.
Coming from Burgas I stopped the car on the road to the Northern Saltworks (Solniza Sever) immediately after having left the E 87. From there I walked through plugged farmland to the main ditch, from where I scanned the part of the saltworks near the E 87. In the morning I saw here many waders, which I could not identify due to the large distance and the shimmering air.
Shelduck (Tadórna tadórna, Brandgans):
2, swimming.
Common Buzzard (Búteo búteo, Mäusebussard):
1, flying.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1, flying.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
2, in a saltpan.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
2, in a saltpan.
Little Stint (Calídris minúta, Zwergstrandläufer):
2, in shallow water.
Ruff (Philomáchus pugnax, Kampfläufer):
15, on grassland and in shallow water.
Winchat (Saxícola rubétra, Braunkehlchen):
1, in a shrub.
Jackdaw (Corvus monédula, Dohle):
1, flying.
Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolénsis, Weidensperling):
4 male, in a shrub.
Tree Sparrow (Passer montánus, Feldsperling):
11 (2 + 4 + 5), in shrubs.
Corn Bunting (Miliaria calándra, Grauammer):
2, in shrubs.

04.05.2004, 19:25-20:15
Pomorie, town and Black Sea coast, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
12 °C, fair.
After the dinner I walked through the town to the Smaller Pomorie Lake and back along the Black Sea coast to the hotel. In addition to the birds seen at the Lake the following bird species were observed.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
15, roosting on dams.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
10 (at least), flying.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying.
Red-breasted Flycatcher (Ficédula parva, Zwergschnäpper):
2 (1,1), on stones of the coast reinforcement. I was surprised to see this species in this surroundings. There was no doubt about the identification. The male with orange-red throat patch, lead-grey coloured head, and white outer tail-feathers.
Pied Flycatcher (Muscícapa atricapílla, Trauerschnäpper):
2 (1,1), in a garden in ul. Hadji Dimitar. Maybe, they were Semi-collared Flycatchers, which are present in this area.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
6 (at least), on the streets.
Greenfinch (Chloris chloris, Grünfink):
2, singing, in gardens.

04.05.2004, 19:30-20:15
Pomorie, Smaller Pomorie Lake, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
12 °C, fair.
After the dinner I walked through the town to the Smaller Pomorie Lake and back along the Black Sea coast to the hotel. The shore of the Smaller Pomorie Lake was used as a waste disposal site and had a corresponding look. Nevertheless, on the lake the following bird species were observed.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
4, flying.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
40, swimming on the lake.
Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicénsis, Brandseeschwalbe):
20, roosting on posts in the lake.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
50 (at least), together with about 50 House Martins circling over the lake.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
50 (at least), together with about 50 Barn Swallows circling over the lake.

05.05.2004, 08:00-09:55
Pomorie, surroundings of the Interhotel Pomorie, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
16 °C, haze.
In addition to the birds seen every day around the hotel like Swifts, House Martins, Barn Swallows, Cormorants and Yellow-legged Gulls the following species was observed.
Jackdaw (Corvus monédula, Dohle):
7, flying.

05.05.2004, 10:45-11:30
Burgas, Protected Area Poda, roof of the Info Centre, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
16 – 18 °C, haze, later sunny.
The following bird species were observed from the roof garden of the Information Centre.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
300 or more, on the nests on the posts of a dismantled high-voltage power line, in the bay or flying in the area.
Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrócorax pygmeus, Zwergscharbe):
2, on the platform in the water nearest to the information centre.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, flying to the Mandra Reservoir (Jazovir Mandra). The yellow feet could be recognized.
Common Spoonbill (Platálea leucoródia, Löffler):
1, flying.
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor, Höckerschwan):
13, swimming in the bay.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
5 (1,4), swimming on the water nearest to the information centre.
Common Tern (Sterna hirúndo, Flußseeschwalbe):
40, on the platform in the water nearest to the information centre.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
50 (at least), flying.
Winchat (Saxícola rubétra, Braunkehlchen):
1, bathing.
Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus scirpáceus, Teichrohrsänger):
2, singing in the reedbeds.
Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica, Elster):
2, on a post.

DSCN9599
Protected Area Poda, 05.05.2004

05.05.2004, 11:00
Burgas, Mandra Reservoir, Uzungeren, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
16 – 18 °C, haze, later sunny.
The following bird species were observed from the roof garden of the Poda information centre in Uzungeren. That is the water area south of the E 87.
Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecánus crispus, Krauskopfpelikan):
3, roosting on a platform. Their legs were grey, not red as with White Pelicans.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
100 or more, roosting on a platform or on the posts of a dismantled high-voltage power line.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
2, flying.
Garganey (Anas querquédula, Knäkente):
2 males, swimming.
Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeáta, Löffelente):
4 (3,1), swimming.
Lapwing (Vanéllus vanéllus, Kiebitz):
1
, flying.
Black Tern (Chlidónias nigra, Trauerseeschwalbe):
3, flying.

05.05.2004, 11:30-13:30
Burgas, Protected Area Poda, southern part, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
18 °C, sunny, later rain
From the information centre I walked along the main path through the protected area and took photos of Common Terns and Great Cormorants. When it begun to rain, I hurried back to the information centre.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
200 (or more), on there nests with youngsters on the posts of a dismantled high-voltage power line. Photos of these birds were taken.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, in a reedbed.
Common Buzzard (Búteo búteo, Mäusebussard):
1,flying.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
2, flying.
Little Stint (Calídris minúta, Zwergstrandläufer):
1, in shallow water.
Curlew Sandpiper (Calídris ferrugínea, Sichelstrandläufer):
30, in shallow water.
Ruff (Philomáchus pugnax, Kampfläufer):
10 (2,8), in shallow water., 1
Common Greenshank (Tringa nebulária, Grünschenkel):
2, in shallow water.
Common Tern (Sterna hirúndo, Flußseeschwalbe):
2, roosting on posts in shallow water. Photos of these birds were taken.
Yellow Wagtail (Motacílla flava, Schafstelze):
2 (1,1), on the path. The male had a grey head, the female an olive-brown one. They did not belong to the subspecies Motacilla flava feldegg, but rather to the subspecies Motacilla flava dombrowskii, which is found in Romania. Both sexes had a distinct whitish supercilium.
Sedge Warbler (Acrocéphalus schoenobáenus, Schilfrohrsänger):
1, at the edge of a reedbed, not singing, but displaying the distinct buff-white supercilium and the diffusely streaked crown.
Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus scirpáceus, Teichrohrsänger):
3 (at least), singing in the reedbeds.
Golden Oriol (Oríolus oríolus, Pirol):
1, calling.
European Pond Turtle (Emys orbicularis, Europäische Sumpfschildkröte):
, 2. First a black adult crossed the path, later I met a juvenile (6 cm) on the path.

05.05.2004, 14:30-15:00
Burgas, Mandra Reservoir, Uzungeren, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
18 °C, overcast, again raining.
In order to have a better look to the herony at the edge of the reedbed south of the E 87 I left the protected area via the bridge and climbed onto the top of a nearby hill. From there the following bird species were observed. – At the end of the third day I had observed 78 bird species.
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticórax nycticórax, Nachtreiher):
1, in the area of the herony.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
10 (at least), in the area of the herony.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
30 (at least), in the area of the herony.
Purple Heron (Árdea purpúrea, Purpurreiher):
10 (at least, including also juv.), in the area of the herony.
Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus, Sichler):
2, in the area of the herony.
Common Spoonbill (Platálea leucoródia, Löffler):
2 (at least), in the area of the herony.
Bee-eater (Merops apiaster, Bienenfresser):
20, flying in a group with their characteristic flight calls.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
1, singing, near the old bridge.

DSCN9723
Burgas, Mandra Reservoir, Uzungeren, 05.05.2004

06.05.2004, 08:00-09:20
Pomorie, surroundings of the Interhotel Pomorie, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
15 °C, hazy.
In addition to Common Swift, House Martin, Barn Swallow, and Yellow-legged Gull the following bird species were observed in the surroundings of the hotel.
Mediterranean Shearwater (Puffinus yelkuan, Mittelmeer-Sturmtaucher):
, 9 (4 + 5), flying in a distance of less than 500 m. They could be unambiguously identified as shearwaters.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
30, roosting on the lighthouse.
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor, Höckerschwan):
5, flying over the sea.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
6, on the street.

06.05.2004, 10:30-11:30
Sozopol, forest at the hill Sveta Ilija, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
18 – 24 °C, first hazy, later fair.
I parked the car at the edge of the E 87 south of Sozopol and walked into the sparse pine wood at the hill Sveta Ilija (110 m). I was surprised that there was only little bird song. – The following bird species were observed.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
1, flying.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
3, flying.
Turtle-Dove (Streptopélia turtur, Turteltaube):
1, on a power line.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
3, flying.
Unidentified Woodpecker (Dendrocopos spec., unbestimmter Specht):
1, calling like a Great Spotted Woodpecker.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
20, flying.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
30, flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
3 (at least), singing.
Blackbird (Turdus mérula, Amsel):
1, singing, also seen.
Whitethroat (Sýlvia commúnis, Dorngrasmücke):
1, singing at the edge of the E 87., 1
Great Tit (Parus major, Kohlmeise):
1, singing.
Golden Oriol (Oríolus oríolus, Pirol):
2, calling.
Jay (Gárrulus glandárius, Eichelhäher):
2, flying, without calling or warning.
Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica, Elster):
1, at the edge of the E 87.
Jackdaw (Corvus monédula, Dohle):
1, flying.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
1 male, with nesting material on a post of a power line. Maybe, this bird was a hybrid of House Sparrow and Spanish Sparrow.
Chaffinch (Fringílla coelebs, Buchfink):
2, singing.

06.05.2004, 11:50-12:40
Djuni, northern part of Alepú Wetland, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
24 °C, fair, but hazy and windy.
The Alepú Wetland is situated south of Djuni. It is separated by the E 87 from the Black Sea coast.
Little Grebe (Pódiceps ruficóllis, Zwergtaucher):
3, swimming and diving.
Great Crested Grebe (Pódiceps cristátus, Haubentaucher):
4, swimming.
Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrócorax pygmeus, Zwergscharbe):
4, roosting at the edge of the reedbeds.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
2, flying.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
2 males.
Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginósus, Rohrweihe):
2 (1,1), gliding over the reedbeds.
Common Morhen (Gallínula chlóropus, Teichralle):
1, at the edge of the reedbeds.
Black Coot (Fúlica atra, Bleßralle):
1, at the edge of the reedbeds.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
13 ad., swimming.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
20 (at least), flying.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying.
Yellow Wagtail (Motacílla flava, Schafstelze):
2 (1,1), a pair of the subspecies Motacilla flava feldegg. The male with black head, the female with a more grey one. Both sexes without eye-stripes and supercilium.
Winchat (Saxícola rubétra, Braunkehlchen):
1, in a shrub.
Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus scirpáceus, Teichrohrsänger):
1 (at least), singing.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
1 (at least), singing.

DSCN 9777 and  DSCN9780
Djuni, northern part of the Alepú Wetland, 06.05.2004

06.05.2004, 12:45-13:30
Djuni, southern part of Alepú Wetland, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
24 – 26 °C, fair, but hazy and windy.
The following bird species were observed from the E 87 in the southern part of the Alepú Wetland.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
4, roosting.
Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrócorax pygmeus, Zwergscharbe):
1, roosting at the edge of the reedbed.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, flying.
Purple Heron (Árdea purpúrea, Purpurreiher):
1, flying.
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor, Höckerschwan):
3 ad., swimming.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
2 (1,1), flying.
Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginósus, Rohrweihe):
1 female, gliding over the reedbeds.
Ruff (Philomáchus pugnax, Kampfläufer):
2 females, landing in the wetland.
Whiskered Tern (Chlidónias hýbrida, Weißbart-Seeschwalbe):
7, foraging over the water.
White Wagtail (Motacílla alba, Bachstelze):
1, on the road E 87.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
3 (at least), singing.

06.05.2004, 13:45-14:10
Lake Arkutino, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
26 °C, fair.
Lake Arkutino is known for its waterlilies (Nymphaea alba). – At this lake and in the Alepú wetland I permanently heard a sound or call very similar to the call of toads. – The following bird species were observed in the nature reserve.
Little Grebe (Pódiceps ruficóllis, Zwergtaucher):
2, swimming and diving
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, flying off with an eel.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
2 (at least), singing.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
2 (at least), singing.
Blackcap (Sýlvia atricapílla, Mönchsgrasmücke):
1, singing.
Jay (Gárrulus glandárius, Eichelhäher):
1, flying.
Starling (Sturnus vulgáris, Star):
7
, flying.

06.05.2004, 14:20-15:20
Ropotamo, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
26 °C, fair.
I stopped first at the westbank of the river and after crossing a bridge at the eastbank.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch): 8, circling over the river.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
6 (at least), singing.
Blackbird (Turdus mérula, Amsel):
2, singing.
Song Thrush (Turdus philomélos, Singdrossel):
1, on the road.
Mistle Thrush (Turdus viscívorus, Misteldrossel):
1, dead at the edge of the E87, without head.
Blackcap (Sýlvia atricapílla, Mönchsgrasmücke):
1, singing.
Great Tit (Parus major, Kohlmeise):
1, singing.
Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europáea, Kleiber):
1, on a tree. The bird could be seen.
Golden Oriol (Oríolus oríolus, Pirol):
1, calling.
Starling (Sturnus vulgáris, Star):
1
, flying.
Chaffinch (Fringílla coelebs, Buchfink):
3, singing.
Green Lizard (Lacérta víridis, Smaragdeidechse): 1, creeping on the car parking of Ropotamo (photo).

DSCN9803 and DSCN9805
River Ropotamo, 06.05.2004

06.05.2004, 16:45-18:00
Chengene skale, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
26 °C, fair.
I left the E 87 and parked my car past the old bridge. – The following bird species were observed.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
23, on posts of fish traps.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
4, in shallow water.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, at the shore.
Squacco Heron (Ardéola ralloídes, Rallenreiher):
3, foraging at the river mouth. I took some photos of these birds.
Common Tern (Sterna hirúndo, Flußseeschwalbe):
2, flying, one of them with a fish.
Turtle-Dove (Streptopélia turtur, Turteltaube):
2, roosting on a power line. I took some photos of these birds.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
3, flying.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
3 (at least), singing.
Blackbird (Turdus mérula, Amsel):
1, on the track.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
1, singing.
Great Tit (Parus major, Kohlmeise):
1, on a tree.
Red-backed Shrike (Lánius collúrio, Rotrückenwürger):
1 male, near the old bridge.
Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolénsis, Weidensperling):
3, at old nests of House Martins under the old bridge.

07.05.2004, 10:00-10:25
Burgas, Atanasovsko ezero, Southern Saltworks, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
20 °C, sunny, only a few clouds.
The following bird species were observed from the hide near the Izgrev round-about in Burgas.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, in shallow water.
Common Spoonbill (Platálea leucoródia, Löffler):
22, roosting.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
2, roosting, at the water's edge.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
10 (at least).
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
300 (at least), not counted.
Little Stint (Calídris minúta, Zwergstrandläufer):
50 (at least), in shallow water.
Curlew Sandpiper (Calídris ferrugínea, Sichelstrandläufer):
200 (at least), in shallow water.
Ruff (Philomáchus pugnax, Kampfläufer):
12, on sands.
Curlew (Numénius arquáta, Großer Brachvogel):
1, on a dam.
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erýthropus, Dunkler Wasserläufer):
1, in breeding plumage.
Common Tern (Sterna hirúndo, Flußseeschwalbe):
100 (at least), not counted.

DSCN9875, DSCN9866, and DSCN9869
Burgas, Lake Atanasov, Southern Saltworks, 07.05.2004

07.05.2004, 11:00-13:50
Burgas, Burgasko ezero, south-western side, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
23 – 24 °C, changeable, with a short rain, then again sunny with only a few clouds.
From the vantage point at the edge of the road near Gorno Ezerovo the following 30 bird species were observed on the western part of the Lake Burgas. I had a good opportunity to compare Black Terns, Whiskered Terns, White-winged Terns and Common Terns, which appeared here in good numbers.
White Pelican (Pelecánus onocrotalos, Rosapelikan):
11 (at least), at the edge of a reedbed.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
15 (at least), swimming.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
2, on grassland.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, flying.
Purple Heron (Árdea purpúrea, Purpurreiher):
4, flying or in the reedbeds.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
1, on grassland.
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor, Höckerschwan):
36 ad., swimming.
Gadwall (Anas strepéra, Schnatterente):
9 (5,4), swimming.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
2, on grassland.
Garganey (Anas querquédula, Knäkente):
2 (1,1), swimming.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
8 (at least), swimming and diving.
Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginósus, Rohrweihe):
2 females, over the reedbeds.
Black Coot (Fúlica atra, Bleßralle):
15, at the edge of the reedbeds.
Little Gull (Larus minútus, Zwergmöwe):
3 (at least), flying. These birds were all subadult ones.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
50 (at least), flying.
Common Tern (Sterna hirúndo, Flußseeschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying.
Whiskered Tern (Chlidónias hýbrida, Weißbart-Seeschwalbe):
5 (at least), flying.
Black Tern (Chlidónias nigra, Trauerseeschwalbe):
20 (at least), flying.
White-winged Black Tern (Chlidónias leucópterus, Weißflügel-Seeschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying.
Common Cuckoo (Cúculus canórus, Kuckuck):
1, calling.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
10 (at least), flying.
Bee-eater (Merops apiaster, Bienenfresser):
17 (7 + 10), calling in flight.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
300 (at least), flying.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
50 (at least), flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
1, singing.
Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica, Elster):
5, on grassland.
Jackdaw (Corvus monédula, Dohle):
7, on grassland..
Hooded Crow (Corvus coróne cornix, Nebelkrähe):
5, flying.
Starling (Sturnus vulgáris, Star):
3
, on grassland.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
5, on the road.

DSCN9877and DSCN9885
Burgas, Burgasko ezero, south-western side, 07.05.2004

07.05.2004, 14:05-14:45
Burgas, Burgasko ezero, southern side, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
24 °C, sunny with only a few clouds.
On the way back from Gorno Ezerovo to Meden Rudnik I found an access to the southern shore of the Burgas Lake halfway between these settlements. I drove with the car on a track through grassland to the edge of a small forest. There I left the car and walked about 500 m uphill. From there I had a good look on the southern part of the Burgas Lake. On a peninsula I saw more than 100 roosting terns. Most of them seemed to be Common Terns, but there were also Black Terns and Whiskered Terns. The distance was to large for clear discriminations.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher): 4, on the water's edge.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, on the water's edge.
Gadwall (Anas strepéra, Schnatterente):
2 (1,1), swimming.
Common Buzzard (Búteo búteo, Mäusebussard):
1, flying.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1, flying.
Common Cuckoo (Cúculus canórus, Kuckuck):
1, calling.
Green Woodpecker (Picus víridis, Grünspecht):
1, calling.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
2, singing.
Golden Oriol (Oríolus oríolus, Pirol):
1, calling.
Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica, Elster):
6, in shrubs on grassland.
Starling (Sturnus vulgáris, Star):
2
, in a tree.
Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolénsis, Weidensperling):
1 male, in a shrub.

DSCN9893
Burgas, Burgasko ezero, southern side, 07.05.2004

07.05.2004, 15:05-15:35
Konstantinovo, First (lowest) Fish pond, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
26 °C, sunny with only a few clouds.
From Meden Rudnik I followed the road 79 to Sredec. Before I reached Konstantinovo I parked the car at the edge of the road and walked to the fish ponds. The first (lowest) of them reaches the road 79. – There the following bird species were observed.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, at the water's edge.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
2, flying off.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
1, flying.
Kestrel (Falco tinínculus, Turmfalke):
1, flying.
Common Cuckoo (Cúculus canórus, Kuckuck):
1, calling.
Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica, Elster):
2, on a power line.
Hooded Crow (Corvus coróne cornix, Nebelkrähe):
1, on a power line.

07.05.2004, 15:45-16:35
Konstantinovo, third fish pond, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
26 °C, sunny with only a few clouds.
In September 2003 the second and the third pond were empty. Now the third and the fourth one were filled with water again. – The following bird species were observed.
Little Grebe (Pódiceps ruficóllis, Zwergtaucher):
4, swimming.
Squacco Heron (Ardéola ralloídes, Rallenreiher):
3, on the shore. Photos of one of these birds were taken.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
1, landing on grassland.
Gadwall (Anas strepéra, Schnatterente):
2 (1,1), swimming.
Garganey (Anas querquédula, Knäkente):
4 (3,1), swimming.
Black Coot (Fúlica atra, Bleßralle):
2, swimming.
Lapwing (Vanéllus vanéllus, Kiebitz):
1
, at the water's edge. Photos of this bird were taken.
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glaréola, Bruchwasserläufer):
1, at the water's edge.
Wood Pigeon (Colúmba palúmbus, Ringeltaube):
2, flying off.
Sand Martin (Ripária ripária, Uferschwalbe):
300 (at least), flying.
Whitethroat (Sýlvia commúnis, Dorngrasmücke):
1, singing, also seen.
Hooded Crow (Corvus coróne cornix, Nebelkrähe):
6, flying.

07.05.2004, 16:50-17:10
Konstantinovo, fourth fish pond, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
26 °C, sunny with only a few clouds.
There was a fourth fish pond, the highest in the cascade of ponds. This one was also filled. – The following bird species were observed.
Little Grebe (Pódiceps ruficóllis, Zwergtaucher):
1, swimming.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, in shallow water.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, flying.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
1, singing.
Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica, Elster):
5, on grassland.

DSCN9898 and DSCN9937
The fish ponds near Konstantinovo, 07.05.2004

08.05.2004, 09:00
Pomorie, surroundings of the Interhotel Pomorie, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
19 °C, clear and sunny.
From the roof garden of the hotel the following bird species were observed in addition to Cormorants, Yellow-legged Gulls, Swifts, Barn Swallows, and House Martins,
Mediterranean Shearwater (Puffinus yelkuan, Mittelmeer-Sturmtaucher):
, 30, flying in chain formation over the sea.
Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicénsis, Brandseeschwalbe):
10, flying and plunge-diving.

08.05.2004, 10:45-11:45
Burgas, Burgasko ezero, south-eastern side, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
21 °C, fair.
I stopped at the edge of the E 87 at the east coast of the Lake Burgas (Burgasko ezero) and scanned the area. – The following bird species were observed.
White Pelican (Pelecánus onocrotalos, Rosapelikan):
1, at the water's edge. The distance was to large for an unambiguous identification. Photos of this bird were taken.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
100 (at least), swimming or on their nests on the pylons of a dismantled high-voltage power line.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
6, at the water's edge.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
3, at the water's edge.
Common Buzzard (Búteo búteo, Mäusebussard):
1, soaring over the lake.
Common Morhen (Gallínula chlóropus, Teichralle):
1, swimming.
Common Sandpiper (Actítis hypoléucos, Flußuferläufer):
2, at the water's edge.
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis, Mittelmeermöwe):
100 (at least), flying or swimming.
Black Tern (Chlidónias nigra, Trauerseeschwalbe):
40, flying over the water.
Common Swift (Apus apus, Mauersegler):
2 (at least), flying.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
1, singing, in the reeds.
Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus scirpáceus, Teichrohrsänger):
1 (at least), singing.

08.05.2004, 12:00-12:10
Burgas, Jazovir Mandra (Mandra Reservoir), District Burgas (Bulgaria)
21 °C, fair.
I stopped the car at the edge of the E 87 about 1000 m before I reached the information Centre of Poda and looked over the southern end of the reservoir. – The following bird species were observed.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
50 (at least), also on their nests on pylons of a dismantled high-voltage power line.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
1 male, swimming.
Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeáta, Löffelente):
1 male, swimming.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
1 male, swimming and diving.
Common Tern (Sterna hirúndo, Flußseeschwalbe):
100 (at least), on artificial breeding platforms.
Black Tern (Chlidónias nigra, Trauerseeschwalbe):
10 (at least), flying.
Red-backed Shrike (Lánius collúrio, Rotrückenwürger):
1 male, in a shrub.

08.05.2004, 12:10-13:30
Burgas, Protected Area Poda, seen from the E 87. District Burgas (Bulgaria)
21 °C, fair.
From the road E 87 I had a look into the Protected Area Poda about 1000 m west of the information centre. – The following bird species could be observed.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
30 (at least). 10 nests with youngsters could be recognized in the reedbeds.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
30 (at least). 10 nests with nestlings could be recognized in the reedbeds.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
14, swimming or roosting. Photos of some of these birds were taken.
Tufted Duck (Áythya fulígula, Reiherente):
1 male, swimming. Photos of this bird were taken.

08.05.2004, 13:35-13:50
Burgas, Mandra Reservoir, Uzungeren, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
21 °C, fair.
Coming from Burgas I stopped past the bridge near the information centre of the Protected Area Poda. From there I looked over the water to the herony of Uzungeren.
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticórax nycticórax, Nachtreiher):
2, in the reedbeds.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
20 (at least), in the reedbeds.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
20 (at least), in the reedbeds.
Purple Heron (Árdea purpúrea, Purpurreiher):
1, landing in the herony.

08.05.2004, 14:00-14:25
Burgas, Protected Area Poda, roof of the Info Centre, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
23 °C, fair.
The following bird species were observed from the roof garden of the information centre.
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
200 (at least, maybe several hundreds) on their nests on the pylons of a dismantled high-voltage power line and in the bay.
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor, Höckerschwan):
10, swimming, in the bay.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
11, a female with 10 pulli.
Black Coot (Fúlica atra, Bleßralle):
12, swimming in the bay.
Common Tern (Sterna hirúndo, Flußseeschwalbe):
40, on the artificial breeding platform in the water nearest to the centre.
Common Cuckoo (Cúculus canórus, Kuckuck):
1, calling.

08.05.2004, 14:25
Burgas, Protected Area Poda, southern part, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
23 °C, fair.
The following bird species were observed in the southern part of the protected area.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
1, flying.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, flying.
Mallard (Anas platyrhýnchos, Stockente):
3 (2 + 1), flying
European Oystercatcher (Haemátopus ostrálegus, Austernfischer):
1, on the beach.
Little Ringed Plover (Charádrius dúbius, Flußregenpfeifer):
3, on the beach. In flight these birds did not display a distinctive wingbar. They had the characteristic yellow eye-ring.
Black Tern (Chlidónias nigra, Trauerseeschwalbe):
22 (10 + 12), flying into the bay.
Yellow Wagtail (Motacílla flava, Schafstelze):
1 male of the subspecies Motacílla flava feldegg. Photos of this bird were taken.
Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus scirpáceus, Teichrohrsänger):
1 (at least), singing in the reedbeds.
Spotted Flycatcher (Muscícapa striáta, Grauschnäpper):
1, in a shrub.
Red-backed Shrike (Lánius collúrio, Rotrückenwürger):
1 male, in a shrub. Photos of this bird were taken.
Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica, Elster):
1, flying.
Balkan Green Lizard (Lacérta trilineáta, Riesensmaragdeidechse):
, 1, an at least 25 cm long green lizard. This species is known as a resident of the Protected Area Poda.

DSCN9459 and DSCN9460
Burgas, Protected Area Poda, southern part, 08.05.2004

08.05.2004, 16:30-19:00
Burgas, Protected Area Poda, northern part, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
20 – 17°C, fair.
The following bird species were observed in the northern part of the protected area. – Within 5 days 105 bird species could be observed.
Shelduck (Tadórna tadórna, Brandgans):
4, swimming.
Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeáta, Löffelente):
1 female, swimming.
Common Pochard (Áythya férina, Tafelente):
15, swimming.
Ferruginous duck (Áythya nyroca, Moorente):
1 female, a dark brown duck with distinctive white stern and broad white wingbar, black eye and dark bill.
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
15 ( at least), in shallow water or on wetland.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
30 (at least), most of them on a sandbank. Photos of some of these birds were taken.
Little Stint (Calídris minúta, Zwergstrandläufer):
5, in shallow water.
Curlew Sandpiper (Calídris ferrugínea, Sichelstrandläufer):
5, in shallow water.
Ruff (Philomáchus pugnax, Kampfläufer):
5, in shallow water.
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erýthropus, Dunkler Wasserläufer):
1, in breeding plumage.
Common Sandpiper (Actítis hypoléucos, Flußuferläufer):
1, on a sandbank.
Common Tern (Sterna hirúndo, Flußseeschwalbe):
30 (at least), many of them on sandbanks or flying.
Little Tern (Sterna álbifrons, Zwergseeschwalbe):
5, on a sandbank.

09.05.2004, 09:00
Pomorie, surroundings of the Interhotel Pomorie, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
20 °C, sunny.
From the roof garden of the hotel the following animals were seen in the sea.
Dolphin (species? Delphin):
3, swimming into the bay. The pointed dorsal fin was curved backwards. The animals swam in line. From time to time they showed the dorsal fin, seldom also the tail fin.

09.05.2004, 09:30-10:10
Pomorie, cemetery near the ancient domed tomb, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
20 – 22 °C, sunny.
The following bird species were seen during a walk through the cemetery near the ancient domed tomb,
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
1, singing.
Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica, Elster):
1, flying.
Jackdaw (Corvus monédula, Dohle):
5, flying.
House Sparrow (Passer domésticus, Haussperling):
20 (at least).
Greenfinch (Chloris chloris, Grünfink):
2, singing.

09.05.2004, 11:05-14:45
Tvardica, bridge at the outlet of the Mandra Reservoir, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
23 – 26 °C, sunny.
The following 19 bird species were seen in the area north-east of the bridge at the outlet of the Mandra Reservoir. At time only little water was flowing via Uzungeren to the Black Sea.
Little Egret (Egrétta garzétta, Seidenreiher):
6, roosting on dead trees.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
2, flying.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
22, circling in the thermal.
Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus, Sichler):
1, first roosting in a dead tree together with Little Egretts, later foraging in shallow water or on wetland. Photos of this bird were taken.
Common Buzzard (Búteo búteo, Mäusebussard):
1, flying
Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola, Rotflügel-Brachschwalbe):
, 3, flying over the area. They could unambiguously identified (white rump, white belly, dark wings, dark tail).
Temminck’s Stint (Calídris temmínckii, Temminckstrandläufer):
10 (at least), foraging on stones in the effluent water. Photos of three of these birds were taken. It was noted down: legs yellowish-greenish (in good light), clear-cut brownish breast, white underparts, brown head, dark bill. On the back single dark feathers with paler brown fringe. – There was no doubt in correct identification!
Common Cuckoo (Cúculus canórus, Kuckuck):
1, calling.
Bee-eater (Merops apiaster, Bienenfresser):
25, roosting on a power line or flying in the surroundings. Photos of some of these birds were taken.
Hoopoe (Úpupa epops, Wiedehopf):
1, calling.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
2, on the road.
Barn Swallow (Hirúndo rústica, Rauchschwalbe):
50 (at least), flying.
House Martin (Délichon úrbica, Mehlschwalbe):
20 (at least), flying.
Yellow Wagtail (Motacílla flava, Schafstelze):
2 males of the subspecies M. f. feldegg. Photos of one of these birds were taken.
Red-backed Shrike (Lánius collúrio, Rotrückenwürger):
1, in a shrub.
Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica, Elster):
1, flying.
Starling (Sturnus vulgáris, Star):
1
, on a power line.
Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolénsis, Weidensperling):
10 (at least), in the vegetation of the wetland.
Corn Bunting (Miliaria calándra, Grauammer):
1, singing.

DSCN9684 and DSCN9689
Tvardica, bridge at the outlet of the Mandra Reservoir and its surroundings,  09.05.2004

09.05.2004, 14:50-16:00
Dimcevo, Izvorska, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
26 °C, fair.
The following 15 bird species were observed in the Protected Area Ustieto na Reka Izvorska (Mouth of the River Izvorska).
Great Cormorant (Phalacrócorax carbo, Kormoran):
2, swimming on the Mandra Reservoir.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
2, on the edge of reedbeds.
White Stork (Cicónia cicónia, Weißstorch):
1, in shallow water.
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor, Höckerschwan):
6, swimming on the Mandra Reservoir.
Common Cuckoo (Cúculus canórus, Kuckuck):
1, calling.
Crested Lark (Galerída cristáta, Haubenlerche):
1, on the road.
Nightingale (Luscínia megarhýnchos, Nachtigall):
2, singing.
Blackbird (Turdus mérula, Amsel):
2, singing.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
1 (at least), singing.
Blackcap (Sýlvia atricapílla, Mönchsgrasmücke):
1, singing.
Great Tit (Parus major, Kohlmeise):
1, singing (also seen).
Golden Oriol (Oríolus oríolus, Pirol):
1, calling.
Red-backed Shrike (Lánius collúrio, Rotrückenwürger):
1, in a shrub at the edge of the road.
Jay (Gárrulus glandárius, Eichelhäher):
1, calling.
Cirl Bunting (Emberíza cirlus, Zaunammer):
1, singing in a dead tree. The black breast and the yellow head markings could well be seen.
unidentified Snake (unbestimmte Schlange):
2. These black snakes had a length of about 60 cm. They roosted on the path and disappeared in the dense vegetation.

10.05.2004, 09:20
Pomorie, Pomorie Lake, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
16 °C, overcast.
The following bird species were observed at the Pomorie Lake (Pomorijsko ezero).
Black-winged Stilt (Himántopus himántopus, Stelzenläufer):
10, in shallow water or on sands with scarce vegetation.
Eurasian Avocet (Recurviróstra avosétta, Säbelschnäbler):
15, in shallow water.
Kentish Plover (Charádrius alexandrínus, Seeregenpfeifer):
1, on sands.
Little Stint (Calídris minúta, Zwergstrandläufer):
20, on sands with scarce vegetation.
Curlew Sandpiper (Calídris ferrugínea, Sichelstrandläufer):
6, in shallow water.
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glaréola, Bruchwasserläufer):
1, in shallow water.
Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicénsis, Brandseeschwalbe):
300 (at least), roosting on dams.
Hoopoe (Úpupa epops, Wiedehopf):
1, flying off.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
1 (at least), singing in the reedbeds.

10.05.2004, 11:00-12:00
Burgas, Protected Area Poda, southern part, District Burgas (Bulgaria)
18 °C, overcast.
The following species were observed on a short walk through the southern part of the protected area.
Common Heron (Árdea cinérea, Graureiher):
1, flying.
Yellow Wagtail (Motacílla flava, Schafstelze):
1 male of the subspecies M. f. feldegg (photos).
Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus scirpáceus, Teichrohrsänger):
1, singing.
Great Reed Warbler (Acrocéphalus arundináceus, Drosselrohrsänger):
1, singing.
Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolénsis, Weidensperling):
1, in a shrub.
European Pond Turtle (Emys orbicularis, Europäische Sumpfschildkröte):
1, a black turtle, creeping over the track.

 
     
 

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